Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 79VII

Tarrin Wills and Stefanie Gropper (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Hugsvinnsmál 79’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 408.

Anonymous PoemsHugsvinnsmál

snotr ‘wise’

snotr (adj.): wise < margsnotr (adj.)

[1] Margsnotr: margvitr 624


sinn ‘his’

3. sinn (pron.; °f. sín, n. sitt): (refl. poss. pron.)

[3] sinn eigi: eigi sinn 624


eigi ‘not’

3. eigi (adv.): not

[3] sinn eigi: eigi sinn 624


hryggja ‘distress’

hryggja (verb): distress


góðs ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good


skal ‘must’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

[5] skal: skyldi 624


gumna ‘man’

gumi (noun m.; °-a; gumar/gumnar): man

[5] gumna: seggja 1199ˣ, gunna 624


[5] gumna ‘of men’: 1199ˣ’s seggja does not provide alliteration, whereas 624’s gunna ‘of wars’ is clearly an error. AM 148 8°ˣ, a copy of 624, has gumna. Cf. sts 81/5 and 87/3, where the scribe of 624 also has written gunn- for gumn-.


þótt ‘although’

þó (adv.): though


dæmdr ‘sentenced’

dœma (verb; °-mð-): judge


Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Lat. parallel: (Dist. II, 25) Rebus in adversis animum submittere noli; / spem retine: spes una hominem nec morte relinquit ‘Do not lower your courage when things go wrong; keep up hope: hope alone does not desert a man, not even in death’. The phrasing of the last two ll. is very close to Hsv 34. A similar topic is dealt with in Sól 34.


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