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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 6II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 420-1.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
567

Raufsk við róstu        — rymr varð í her —
helmingr Egils        við Hlaðir útan.
Môttut hersar        við Haða dróttni
láðgǫfguðum        landi ráða.

Helmingr Egils raufsk við róstu útan við Hlaðir; rymr varð í her. Hersar môttut ráða landi við {láðgǫfguðum dróttni Haða}.

Egill’s unit scattered in the tumult out by Lade; a roar resounded throughout the army. The hersar could not hold the country against {the land-endowed lord of the Haðar} [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús].

Mss: Mork(21v) (Mork); H(82r), Hr(57vb) (H-Hr); F(57ra)

Readings: [1] Raufsk: rauzk F    [2] varð: ‘var vard’ Hr    [3] Egils: í bǫð F    [4] við: fyr F;    Hlaðir: ‘hlaðar’ F;    útan: austan Hr    [5] Môttut: mttu eigi Mork, H, Hr, ‘matto ei’ F    [6] við: fyr H, Hr;    Haða dróttni: Hǫrða gram F    [7] ‑gǫfguðum: ‑gǫfugum H

Editions: Skj AI, 441, Skj BI, 410, Skald I, 202; Mork 1867, 133, Mork 1928-32, 301, Andersson and Gade 2000, 288, 484 (Mberf); Fms 7, 9 (Mberf ch. 6); F 1871, 263 (Mberf).

Context: In Mork and F, as st. 6. In H and Hr, the st. illustrates Magnús’s pursuit of Þórir and Egill, and it is placed after st. 4.

Notes: [3] helmingr ‘unit’: See Note to Valg Har 4/1. — [3] Egils ‘Egill’s’: Í bǫð ‘in battle’ (so F) is metrically correct but repeats við róstu ‘in the tumult’ (l. 1). For Egill, see Note to SteigÞ Kv l. 1 and st. 2/2 above. — [4] útan við Hlaðir ‘out by Lade’: Lade is located in the city of Trondheim. — [6] við dróttni Haða ‘against the lord of the Haðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús]’: Við gram Hǫrða ‘against the lord of the Hǫrðar’ (so F) is a possible reading. The Haðar were the people of Hadeland, the southern part of Oppland in south-eastern Norway.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  6. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  8. Internal references
  9. Not published: do not cite (MberfII)
  10. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Steigar-Þórir Þórðarson, Kviðlingr’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 391-2.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 303.
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