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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 20II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 20’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 430.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
1920

frœknum ‘the bold’

frœkn (adj.): brave, bold

kennings

frœknum fǫður Eysteins
‘the bold father of Eysteinn ’
   = Magnús

the bold father of Eysteinn → Magnús
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sem ‘as’

sem (conj.): as, which

[2] sem: sem ek all

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kunnak ‘I could’

kunna (verb): know, can, be able

[2] kunnak: so F, kunna Mork, H, Hr

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Eysteins ‘of Eysteinn’

Eysteinn (noun m.): Eysteinn

kennings

frœknum fǫður Eysteins
‘the bold father of Eysteinn ’
   = Magnús

the bold father of Eysteinn → Magnús
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fǫður ‘father’

faðir (noun m.): father

kennings

frœknum fǫður Eysteins
‘the bold father of Eysteinn ’
   = Magnús

the bold father of Eysteinn → Magnús
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Atals ‘Atall’s’

Atall (noun m.): Atall (sea-king)

kennings

drífu Atals,
‘Atall’s snow-storm ’
   = BATTLE

Atall’s snow-storm → BATTLE
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drífu ‘snow-storm’

1. drífa (noun f.; °-u): snow-storm

kennings

drífu Atals,
‘Atall’s snow-storm ’
   = BATTLE

Atall’s snow-storm → BATTLE
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Opt ‘Often’

opt (adv.): often

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hjǫrvi ‘the sword’

hjǫrr (noun m.): sword

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Haralds ‘Haraldr’s’

Haraldr (noun m.): Haraldr

kennings

frænda Haralds,
‘Haraldr’s kinsman, ’
   = Magnús

Haraldr’s kinsman, → Magnús

notes

[6] Haralds frændi ‘Haraldr’s kinsman [= Magnús]’: Most likely Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson. See Note to st. 11/2.

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frænda ‘kinsman’

frændi (noun m.): kinsman, male relative

kennings

frænda Haralds,
‘Haraldr’s kinsman, ’
   = Magnús

Haraldr’s kinsman, → Magnús

notes

[6] Haralds frændi ‘Haraldr’s kinsman [= Magnús]’: Most likely Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson. See Note to st. 11/2.

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vanr ‘accustomed’

3. vanr (adj.): accustomed

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vásfǫrum ‘to hard journeys’

vásfǫr (noun f.): [to hard journeys]

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þars ‘where’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[8] þars: þar H, Hr

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As sts. 17-19 above.

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