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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 15II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 15’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 426-7.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
141516

vefi ‘the sails’

vefr (noun m.; °-jar; -ir): cloth, sail, weaving

notes

[2-3] keyrði vefi á stag ‘drove the sails against the stays’: See Note to Valg Har 6/6.

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keyrði ‘drove’

keyra (verb): drive, whip, fling

notes

[2-3] keyrði vefi á stag ‘drove the sails against the stays’: See Note to Valg Har 6/6.

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steinóðr ‘the raging’

steinóðr (adj.): fury, destruction

kennings

steinóðr galli storðar
‘the raging destruction of the sapling ’
   = STORM

the raging destruction of the sapling → STORM
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á ‘against’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[2-3] keyrði vefi á stag ‘drove the sails against the stays’: See Note to Valg Har 6/6.

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stag ‘the stays’

stag (noun n.; °-s; *-): forestay, stay

notes

[2-3] keyrði vefi á stag ‘drove the sails against the stays’: See Note to Valg Har 6/6.

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storðar ‘of the sapling’

2. storð (noun f.): young wood, earth

kennings

steinóðr galli storðar
‘the raging destruction of the sapling ’
   = STORM

the raging destruction of the sapling → STORM
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galli ‘destruction’

1. galli (noun m.): destruction

kennings

steinóðr galli storðar
‘the raging destruction of the sapling ’
   = STORM

the raging destruction of the sapling → STORM
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dreki ‘dragon’

dreki (noun m.; °-a; -ar): dragon, dragon-ship

notes

[5] dreki ‘dragon’: A Viking longship with a carved head on the prow (and sometimes on the stern as well; see Falk 1912, 39-42, 105-7 and Jesch 2001a, 127-8). See also st. 16/7 below.

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Dana ‘of the Danes’

danr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): Dane

kennings

skelfi Dana
‘the terrifier of the Danes ’
   = Magnús

the terrifier of the Danes → Magnús

notes

[6] skelfi Dana ‘the terrifier of the Danes [= Magnús]’: This kenning could allude to Magnús’s early campaign against the Danes (see Bkrepp Magndr 1 and Note to Bkrepp Magndr 11/5).

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skelfi ‘the terrifier’

skelfir (noun m.): terrifier

kennings

skelfi Dana
‘the terrifier of the Danes ’
   = Magnús

the terrifier of the Danes → Magnús

notes

[6] skelfi Dana ‘the terrifier of the Danes [= Magnús]’: This kenning could allude to Magnús’s early campaign against the Danes (see Bkrepp Magndr 1 and Note to Bkrepp Magndr 11/5).

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hverri ‘every’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

kennings

hverri glymbrúði hafs.
‘every roaring-bride of the ocean.’
   = WAVE

every roaring-bride of the ocean. → WAVE
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hafs ‘of the ocean’

haf (noun n.; °-s; *-): sea

kennings

hverri glymbrúði hafs.
‘every roaring-bride of the ocean.’
   = WAVE

every roaring-bride of the ocean. → WAVE

notes

[8] glymbrúði hafs ‘roaring-bride of the ocean [WAVE]’: In ON mythology Ægir was a personification of the sea. His bride was the goddess Rán (see SnE 1998, I, 36 and Note to SnH Lv 6/3), who also personified the destructive powers of the ocean. The sense of this cl. is that the dragon-ship cut through the crest of every wave (broke their backs). For similar imagery portraying vigorous sailing as fights between ships and waves (depicted as destructive female powers), see HHund I 28-30 and HHj 18-23 (NK 134, 144-5).

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glym ‘roaring-’

glymr (noun m.): noise < glymbrúðr (noun f.)

[8] glym‑: glaum‑ F

kennings

hverri glymbrúði hafs.
‘every roaring-bride of the ocean.’
   = WAVE

every roaring-bride of the ocean. → WAVE

notes

[8] glymbrúði hafs ‘roaring-bride of the ocean [WAVE]’: In ON mythology Ægir was a personification of the sea. His bride was the goddess Rán (see SnE 1998, I, 36 and Note to SnH Lv 6/3), who also personified the destructive powers of the ocean. The sense of this cl. is that the dragon-ship cut through the crest of every wave (broke their backs). For similar imagery portraying vigorous sailing as fights between ships and waves (depicted as destructive female powers), see HHund I 28-30 and HHj 18-23 (NK 134, 144-5).

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brúði ‘bride’

brúðr (noun f.; °brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir): woman, bride < glymbrúðr (noun f.)

kennings

hverri glymbrúði hafs.
‘every roaring-bride of the ocean.’
   = WAVE

every roaring-bride of the ocean. → WAVE

notes

[8] glymbrúði hafs ‘roaring-bride of the ocean [WAVE]’: In ON mythology Ægir was a personification of the sea. His bride was the goddess Rán (see SnE 1998, I, 36 and Note to SnH Lv 6/3), who also personified the destructive powers of the ocean. The sense of this cl. is that the dragon-ship cut through the crest of every wave (broke their backs). For similar imagery portraying vigorous sailing as fights between ships and waves (depicted as destructive female powers), see HHund I 28-30 and HHj 18-23 (NK 134, 144-5).

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As st. 14 above.

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