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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 14II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 14’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 426.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
131415

Hǫfðu ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

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þegit ‘obtained’

þegja (verb): be silent

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at ‘from’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[4] at: af H, Hr

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hǫfuðsmanni ‘the leader’

hǫfuðsmaðr (noun m.): leader

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Landsmenn ‘The countrymen’

landsmaðr (noun m.): countryman

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of ‘above’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[6] of: yfir H, Hr

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sædrifin ‘foam-sprayed’

sædrifinn (adj.): [foam-sprayed]

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sett ‘secured’

setja (verb): place, set, establish

notes

[8] sett við húna ‘secured to the mast-tops’: Húnu (so Mork, F) is ungrammatical, unless the húnn ‘mast-top’ follows the declension of a m. u-stem. Húnn was a cube-shaped wooden piece fastened to the mast-top, with a hole in it through which the halyard passed (see Falk 1912, 59; Jesch 2001a, 160-1).

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við ‘to’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[8] sett við húna ‘secured to the mast-tops’: Húnu (so Mork, F) is ungrammatical, unless the húnn ‘mast-top’ follows the declension of a m. u-stem. Húnn was a cube-shaped wooden piece fastened to the mast-top, with a hole in it through which the halyard passed (see Falk 1912, 59; Jesch 2001a, 160-1).

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húna ‘the mast-tops’

1. húnn (noun m.; °; húnar): knob

[8] húna: so H, Hr, húnu Mork, F

notes

[8] sett við húna ‘secured to the mast-tops’: Húnu (so Mork, F) is ungrammatical, unless the húnn ‘mast-top’ follows the declension of a m. u-stem. Húnn was a cube-shaped wooden piece fastened to the mast-top, with a hole in it through which the halyard passed (see Falk 1912, 59; Jesch 2001a, 160-1).

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Stanzas 14-16 describe Magnús’s fleet returning to Norway from the Hebrides in 1099. In Mork and F, the sts are cited without intervening prose. In H and Hr they are incorporated into a prose narrative which is taken from MberfHkr (ÍF 28, 224-5), Orkn (ÍF 34, 100-1) or created from the content of the poetry.

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