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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 13II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 425-6.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
121314

Bǫð ‘The battle’

bǫð (noun f.; °-s; -): battle < bǫðkennir (noun m.): [battle-teacher]

kennings

Bǫðkennir
‘The battle-teacher ’
   = WARRIOR

The battle-teacher → WARRIOR

notes

[1] bǫðkennir ‘the battle-teacher’: Kennir is taken here in its most usual meaning (cf. kenna ‘teach’), but the word could also mean ‘tester, expert’ (see LP: kennir).

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kennir ‘teacher’

kennir (noun m.): teacher < bǫðkennir (noun m.): [battle-teacher]

kennings

Bǫðkennir
‘The battle-teacher ’
   = WARRIOR

The battle-teacher → WARRIOR

notes

[1] bǫðkennir ‘the battle-teacher’: Kennir is taken here in its most usual meaning (cf. kenna ‘teach’), but the word could also mean ‘tester, expert’ (see LP: kennir).

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skaut ‘shot’

skjóta (verb): shoot

notes

[1, 2] skaut bôðum hǫndum ‘shot with both hands’: Echoes Ív Sig 38/3-4.

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bôðum ‘with both’

báðir (pron.; °gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði): both

notes

[1, 2] skaut bôðum hǫndum ‘shot with both hands’: Echoes Ív Sig 38/3-4.

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hǫndum ‘hands’

hǫnd (noun f.; °handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)): hand

notes

[1, 2] skaut bôðum hǫndum ‘shot with both hands’: Echoes Ív Sig 38/3-4.

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allr ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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prúðliga ‘splendidly’

prúðliga (adv.): [splendidly]

notes

[4] prúðliga ‘splendidly’: This seems to be a deliberate allusion to Hugh’s nickname, inn prúði ‘the Proud’.

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sveigði ‘bent’

sveigja (verb): bend

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hvítmýlingar ‘White-muzzled arrows’

hvítmýlingr (noun m.): white-muzzled one

notes

[7] hvítmýlingar ‘white-muzzled arrows’: Refers to the gleaming steel of the arrow-points. See Falk 1914, 96. See also Þul Ǫrvar 1/2III.

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Hugi ‘Hugh’

2. Hugi (noun m.): [Hugh]

notes

[8] Hugi ‘Hugh’: Hugh of Shrewsbury was killed by an arrow, apparently shot by Magnús himself. See Bkrepp Magndr 11 and Note, Þham Magndr 3 and Power 1986, 109-10.

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felli ‘fell’

falla (verb): fall

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As sts 10-12 above.

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