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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 12II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 424-5.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
111213

Margan ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[1] Margan: Margir F

kennings

margan baugvang
‘many a ring-meadow ’
   = SHIELD

many a ring-meadow → SHIELD
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hǫfðu ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

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Magnúss ‘Magnús’s’

2. Magnús (noun m.): Magnús

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baug ‘a ring’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < baugvangr (noun m.)

[4] baug‑: borð‑ F

kennings

margan baugvang
‘many a ring-meadow ’
   = SHIELD

many a ring-meadow → SHIELD
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vang ‘meadow’

1. vangr (noun m.): field, plain < baugvangr (noun m.)

kennings

margan baugvang
‘many a ring-meadow ’
   = SHIELD

many a ring-meadow → SHIELD
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skorit ‘cut’

skera (verb): cut

[4] skorit: skotit Hr, skotinn F

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hertoga ‘of the army-leader’

hertogi (noun m.): duke

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hlíf ‘The shield’

hlíf (noun f.; °-ar; -ar): shield, defence

notes

[6] hlíf ‘shield’: Lit. ‘protection’, but commonly used in the meaning ‘shield’ in skaldic poetry (see LP: hlíf; Falk 1914, 139).

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springa ‘forced to shatter’

springa (verb): burst, spring apart

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kapps ‘magnificently’

kapp (noun n.; °-s; *-): strength, vigour, courage

notes

[7] kapps vel skipuð ‘magnificently equipped’: Kapps vel skrifuð ‘magnificently painted’ (so F) is possible and would mean that Hugh’s shield was painted or adorned (so Skj B; Skald). For the custom of adorning shields with painted images, see Falk 1914b, 144-7. Kapps (n. gen. sg.) vel is used adverbially before the adj. skipuð ‘equipped’ with an intensifying meaning (‘magnificently’).

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vel ‘’

vel (adv.): well, very

notes

[7] kapps vel skipuð ‘magnificently equipped’: Kapps vel skrifuð ‘magnificently painted’ (so F) is possible and would mean that Hugh’s shield was painted or adorned (so Skj B; Skald). For the custom of adorning shields with painted images, see Falk 1914b, 144-7. Kapps (n. gen. sg.) vel is used adverbially before the adj. skipuð ‘equipped’ with an intensifying meaning (‘magnificently’).

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skipuð ‘equipped’

1. skipa (verb): change, place

[7] skipuð: skrifuð F

notes

[7] kapps vel skipuð ‘magnificently equipped’: Kapps vel skrifuð ‘magnificently painted’ (so F) is possible and would mean that Hugh’s shield was painted or adorned (so Skj B; Skald). For the custom of adorning shields with painted images, see Falk 1914b, 144-7. Kapps (n. gen. sg.) vel is used adverbially before the adj. skipuð ‘equipped’ with an intensifying meaning (‘magnificently’).

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fyr ‘by’

fyr (prep.): for, over, because of, etc.

notes

[8] fyr darri konungs ‘by the king’s spear’: A light spear designed for throwing (see Falk 1914, 74).

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konungs ‘the king’s’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

notes

[8] fyr darri konungs ‘by the king’s spear’: A light spear designed for throwing (see Falk 1914, 74).

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darri ‘spear’

dǫrr (noun m.): spear

notes

[8] fyr darri konungs ‘by the king’s spear’: A light spear designed for throwing (see Falk 1914, 74).

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As sts 10-11 above.

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