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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl Magnkv 10II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 423-4.

Gísl IllugasonErfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr
91011

Ættlǫndum ‘ancestral territories’

ættland (noun n.): ancestral land

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eyja ‘of the isles’

1. ey (noun f.; °-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar): island

[2] eyja: eyjar Hr

notes

[2] dróttar eyja ‘of the men of the isles’: So H. This is preferable to dróttinn eyja ‘lord of the isles’ (so Mork, Hr, F) because Magnús was not lord of the isles.

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dróttar ‘of the men’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

[2] dróttar: so H, dróttinn Mork, Hr, F

notes

[2] dróttar eyja ‘of the men of the isles’: So H. This is preferable to dróttinn eyja ‘lord of the isles’ (so Mork, Hr, F) because Magnús was not lord of the isles.

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folk ‘The people’s ’

folk (noun n.): people < folkvǫrðr (noun m.): people’s guardian

kennings

Folkvǫrðr
‘The people’s guardian ’
   = RULER

The people’s guardian → RULER
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vǫrðr ‘guardian’

vǫrðr (noun m.; °varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu): guardian, defender < folkvǫrðr (noun m.): people’s guardian

kennings

Folkvǫrðr
‘The people’s guardian ’
   = RULER

The people’s guardian → RULER
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sás ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[6] sás fylkði hamalt ‘who marshalled his troops in a wedge-shaped array’: This was the so-called svínfylking ‘pig-array’ (Lat. porcinum caput; see Fritzner: svínfylking, Falk 1914, 151 and Jesch 2001a, 209). See also ÞjóðA Run 1/4 and Mark Eirdr 15/3.

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hamalt ‘in a wedge-shaped array’

hamall (adj.): wedge-shaped

notes

[6] sás fylkði hamalt ‘who marshalled his troops in a wedge-shaped array’: This was the so-called svínfylking ‘pig-array’ (Lat. porcinum caput; see Fritzner: svínfylking, Falk 1914, 151 and Jesch 2001a, 209). See also ÞjóðA Run 1/4 and Mark Eirdr 15/3.

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fylkði ‘marshalled his troops’

fylkja (verb): marshal

notes

[6] sás fylkði hamalt ‘who marshalled his troops in a wedge-shaped array’: This was the so-called svínfylking ‘pig-array’ (Lat. porcinum caput; see Fritzner: svínfylking, Falk 1914, 151 and Jesch 2001a, 209). See also ÞjóðA Run 1/4 and Mark Eirdr 15/3.

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veðr ‘wind’

2. veðr (noun n.; °-s; -): weather, wind, storm < veðrsmiðr (noun m.)

[7] veðr‑: ‘veðurs’ Hr, val‑ F

kennings

Viðurs veðrsmiðr,
‘Viðurr’s wind-smith’
   = WARRIOR

Viðurr’s wind, → BATTLE
the smith of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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veðr ‘wind’

2. veðr (noun n.; °-s; -): weather, wind, storm < veðrsmiðr (noun m.)

[7] veðr‑: ‘veðurs’ Hr, val‑ F

kennings

Viðurs veðrsmiðr,
‘Viðurr’s wind-smith’
   = WARRIOR

Viðurr’s wind, → BATTLE
the smith of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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smiðr ‘the smith’

smiðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-i/-u): smithy, something crafted < veðrsmiðr (noun m.)

kennings

Viðurs veðrsmiðr,
‘Viðurr’s wind-smith’
   = WARRIOR

Viðurr’s wind, → BATTLE
the smith of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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Viðurs ‘of Viðurr’s’

Viðurr (noun m.): Viðurr

[7] Viðurs: ‘vidus’ Hr

kennings

Viðurs veðrsmiðr,
‘Viðurr’s wind-smith’
   = WARRIOR

Viðurr’s wind, → BATTLE
the smith of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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Viðurs ‘of Viðurr’s’

Viðurr (noun m.): Viðurr

[7] Viðurs: ‘vidus’ Hr

kennings

Viðurs veðrsmiðr,
‘Viðurr’s wind-smith’
   = WARRIOR

Viðurr’s wind, → BATTLE
the smith of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

valska ‘the Norman’

valskr (adj.): foreign, French

notes

[8] valska jarla ‘the Norman earls’: Hugh of Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury (Hugi inn prúði ‘the Proud’) and Hugh of Avranches, Earl of Chester (Hugi inn digri ‘the Stout’). See Bkrepp Magndr 11 and Power 1986, 109-10.

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jarla ‘earls’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl

notes

[8] valska jarla ‘the Norman earls’: Hugh of Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury (Hugi inn prúði ‘the Proud’) and Hugh of Avranches, Earl of Chester (Hugi inn digri ‘the Stout’). See Bkrepp Magndr 11 and Power 1986, 109-10.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Stanzas 10-13 commemorate the battle of the Menai Strait (1098), when Magnús killed Hugh of Shrewsbury with an arrow. In Mork and F these sts are given in a block without intervening prose, whereas H and Hr incorporate them into the prose that recounts the battle.

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