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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Bjark 3III

Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Poems, Bjarkamál in fornu 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 499.

Anonymous PoemsBjarkamál in fornu

text and translation

Hniginns í hadd jarðar         Hrólfr inn stórláti.

Hrólfr inn stórláti [e]s hniginn í {hadd jarðar}.
‘Hrólfr the Munificent has sunk into the hair of the earth [GRASS].

notes and context

In mss of LaufE this fragment is introduced as an example of heiti and kennings for ‘grass’ and said to be from Bjark. The kenning is given in the prose text as fax jarðarinnar ‘mane of the earth’.

Assuming this pair of lines belongs to Bjark, it presumably comes from a section describing King Hrólfr kraki’s last stand and death.


Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [X], II. A. Bjarkamál en fornu 3: AI, 181, BI, 170, Skald I, 91; LaufE 1979, 272, 345.


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