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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 60VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 60’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 126-7.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól

text and translation

Vættik oss með ótta,
alskírt himins birti
hǫfuðmusteri ins hæsta
hildings, af þér mildi,
hauðrs, þvít hugga fríðir
hug minn siðir þínir,
grams kastali inn glæsti
glyggs, en várt líf hryggvir.

Vættik oss með ótta mildi af þér, alskírt hǫfuðmusteri {ins hæsta hildings {himins birti}}, þvít þínir fríðir siðir hugga hug minn, en líf várt hryggvir, inn glæsti kastali {grams {hauðrs glyggs}}.
‘I hope for us [for myself] with fear for mercy from you, altogether brilliant chief temple of the highest prince of heaven’s brightness [SUN > = God (= Christ)], because your fine virtues comfort my mind, but our [my] way of life distresses [it], splendid fortress of the prince of the land of the wind [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)].

notes and context



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Gamli kanóki, 2. Harmsól 60: AI, 571, BI, 563-4, Skald I, 273; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 32, Kempff 1867, 18, Rydberg 1907, 30-31, Black 1971, 290, Attwood 1996a, 237.


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