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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 5VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 5’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 77.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól

text and translation

Þú býðr ǫll* með iðran,
einn Kristr, viðum Mistar
linns fyr lærðum mǫnnum
lýti sín at tína,
ok, hábrautar, heitið
hreggvǫrðr, þegar seggjum
sannri líkn ok syknu,
snjallr, fyr vás ok galla.

Þú, einn Kristr, býðr {viðum {linns Mistar}} at tína ǫll* lýti sín með iðran fyr lærðum mǫnnum, ok heitið þegar seggjum, {snjallr {hábrautar hregg}vǫrðr}, sannri líkn ok syknu fyr vás ok galla.
‘You, the one Christ, command trees of the snake of Mist <valkyrie> [SWORD > WARRIORS] to enumerate all their faults with repentence before learned men; and you promise straight away to men, excellent warden of the high path of the storm [(lit. ‘storm-warden of the high path’) SKY/HEAVEN > = God], true mercy and acquittal for sinfulness and flaws.

notes and context

[5-8]: Compare 1 John I.9 si confiteamur peccata nostra fidelis est et iustus ut remittat nobis peccata et emundet nos ab omni iniquitate ‘If we confess our sins he is faithful and just, to forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all iniquity’.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Gamli kanóki, 2. Harmsól 5: AI, 562, BI, 549, Skald I, 266; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 14, Kempff 1867, 2, Rydberg 1907, 21, Black 1971, 148, Attwood 1996a, 223.


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