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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 48VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 48’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 115.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
474849

hafa* ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

[1] hafa*: ‘hafum’ B, 399a‑bˣ, ‘hǫfum’ BRydberg, ‘hofum’ BFJ

notes

[1] hafa* ‘have’: Finnur Jónsson, followed by Kock, Black, and this edn, emends B’s ‘hafum’ (l. 1) to hafa* in order to supply a verb in the 3rd pers. pl., and construes dyggvar dróttir hafa frétt ‘worthy men have heard’.

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Dávíð ‘David’

Davíð (noun m.): David

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snilli ‘to eloquence’

snilli (noun f.): eloquence

notes

[3] snilli vanðr ‘accustomed to eloquence’: Cf. Leið 6/6, where God is described as snillifimr ‘prowess-nimble’. Both expressions appear to be hap. leg. Use of this cpd here to describe the Psalmist, David, is particularly appropriate.

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vanðr ‘accustomed’

2. venja (verb): accustom, train

notes

[3] snilli vanðr ‘accustomed to eloquence’: Cf. Leið 6/6, where God is described as snillifimr ‘prowess-nimble’. Both expressions appear to be hap. leg. Use of this cpd here to describe the Psalmist, David, is particularly appropriate.

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siða ‘moral’

siðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u): faith, morals < siðabót (noun f.)

[4] siðabót: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘s[...]bot’ B

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bót ‘amends’

bót (noun f.; °-ar; bǿtr): compensation < siðabót (noun f.)

[4] siðabót: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘s[...]bot’ B

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þýðask ‘pleasure’

2. þýða (verb): interpret

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réð ‘brought about the death’

ráða (verb): advise, rule, interpret, decide

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svát ‘in such a way that’

svát (conj.): so that, so as

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búand ‘husband’

búandi (noun m.; °-a; búendr (bøendr var. ÓH 47¹²: AM 325 VII 4° “325 VII”), dat. búǫndum/búandum/búendum): farmer, resident < búandmaðr (noun m.): landowner, farmer

[8] búandmann*: ‘[...]uand mannz’ B, ‘buand mannz’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[8] búandmann* ‘husband’: B’s reading ‘[...]uand mannz’ is gen. Sveinbjörn Egilsson (note to 444ˣ transcript and 1844, 28 n. 59) emends to búandmann acc., which has been adopted by all subsequent eds.

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mann* ‘’

maðr (noun m.): man, person < búandmaðr (noun m.): landowner, farmer

[8] búandmann*: ‘[...]uand mannz’ B, ‘buand mannz’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[8] búandmann* ‘husband’: B’s reading ‘[...]uand mannz’ is gen. Sveinbjörn Egilsson (note to 444ˣ transcript and 1844, 28 n. 59) emends to búandmann acc., which has been adopted by all subsequent eds.

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af ‘for’

af (prep.): from

notes

[8] af því ‘for that reason’: Kock (NN §3243) notes that the force of this phrase is consequential, rather than temporal. Gamli is implying that David arranged the death of Uriah as a consequence of his love for Bathsheba, not, as Skj B’s translation derefter ‘thereafter’ suggests, merely after he had fallen in love with her.

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því ‘that reason’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[8] af því ‘for that reason’: Kock (NN §3243) notes that the force of this phrase is consequential, rather than temporal. Gamli is implying that David arranged the death of Uriah as a consequence of his love for Bathsheba, not, as Skj B’s translation derefter ‘thereafter’ suggests, merely after he had fallen in love with her.

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svanna ‘of the woman’s’

svanni (noun m.): lady, woman

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[5-8]: The story of David’s adultery with Bathsheba and the subsequent death of Bathsheba’s husband, Uriah the Hittite, is recounted in 2 Sam. XI.

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