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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 47VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 47’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 114.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
464748

Lítk optliga ýta
ólíkan mik fíkjum
— aukumsk sôr í slíku
sótt — ástvinum dróttins.
Þeir bundusk vel vándra
verka ógnar sterkir,
brigða skjótt ok bœttu
bógsvells metendr, ella.

Lítk mik optliga fíkjum ólíkan {ástvinum {dróttins ýta}}; sôr sótt aukumsk í slíku. {Þeir metendr {bógsvells}}, sterkir ógnar, bundusk vel vándra verka ok bœttu ella brigða skjótt.

I see myself often [as] terribly unlike {the dear friends {of the lord of men}} [= God > SAINTS]; bitter distress increases for me because of this. {Those valuers {of arm’s ice}} [SILVER > MEN], strong in battle, kept themselves well away from evil deeds, or else made amends extremely quickly.

Mss: B(13r), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [3] í: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]’ B    [7] bœttu: ‘b[...]’ B, ‘be᷎ṭṭu’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘b(e᷎tt)[...]’(?) BRydberg, ‘be᷎(ttu)’(?) BFJ

Editions: Skj AI, 569, Skj BI, 560, Skald I, 272; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 28, Kempff 1867, 14, Rydberg 1907, 28, Black 1971, 256, Attwood 1996a, 233.

Notes: [1, 4] ástvinum dróttins ýta ‘dear friends of the lord of men [= God > SAINTS]’: Ástvinr ‘dear friend’ (lit. ‘love-friend’) is a popular designation of saints and Apostles in Christian poetry after Gamli and, apart from one appearance in Egill St 7/4V, is found only in poetry dating from the C12th or later (LP: ástvinr). Arngrímr Brandsson’s drápa on Guðmundr Árason twice characterises the bishop as ástvinr ýta ‘dear friend of men’ (Arngr Gd 18/1, 50/7IV).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. Attwood, Katrina. 1996a. ‘The Poems of MS AM 757a 4to: An Edition and Contextual Study’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Leeds.
  5. Black, Elizabeth L. 1971. ‘Harmsól: an edition’. B. Litt. thesis. University of Oxford.
  6. Rydberg, Hugo, ed. 1907. ‘Die geistlichen Drápur und Dróttkvættfragmente des Cod. AM 757 4to.’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Lund. Copenhagen: Møller.
  7. Kempff, Hjalmar, ed. 1867. Kaniken Gamles ‘Harmsól’ (Sol i Sorgen): isländskt andligt qväde från medeltiden med öfversättning och förklaringar. Uppsala: Edquist & Berglund.
  8. Sveinbjörn Egilsson, ed. 1844. Fjøgur gømul kvæði. Boðsrit til að hlusta á þá opinberu yfirheyrslu í Bessastaða Skóla þann 22-29 mai 1844. Viðeyar Klaustri: prentuð af Helga Helgasyni, á kostnað Bessastaða Skóla. Bessastaðir: Helgi Helgason.
  9. Internal references
  10. Not published: do not cite (Arngr Gd 18IV)
  11. Not published: do not cite (Egill St 7V (Eg 78))
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