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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 45VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 45’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 113.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól

text and translation

Háborgar, fæsk hvergi
hald, þats bresti aldri,
hreggs nema horskum seggjum
heitfastr jǫfurr veiti.
Sterk lofar drótt ok dýrkar
dagstalls konung snjallan;
himins es fylkir fremri
fróðr hvívetna góðu.

Hvergi fæsk hald, þats aldri bresti, nema {heitfastr jǫfurr {háborgar hreggs}} veiti horskum seggjum. Sterk drótt lofar ok dýrkar {snjallan konung {dagstalls}}; {fróðr fylkir himins} es fremri hvívetna góðu.
‘Nowhere is found that help which never fails, unless the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] may grant [it] to prudent men. The mighty host praises and glorifies the glorious king of the day-support [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]; the excellent king of heaven [= God] is superior to everything that is good.

notes and context

[5-8]: The third and final instance of stef 2.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Gamli kanóki, 2. Harmsól 45: AI, 568, BI, 560, Skald I, 271, NN §1206; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 27-8, Kempff 1867, 13-14, Rydberg 1907, 28, Black 1971, 252, Attwood 1996a, 233.


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