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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 38VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 38’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 106.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
373839

hildings ‘of the prince’

hildingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

kennings

hildings kyns lofða
‘of the prince of the race of men ’
   = RULER = Christ

the race of men → MANKIND
the prince of the MANKIND → RULER = Christ
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vildat ‘would not’

vilja (verb): want, intend

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lofða ‘of men’

lofði (noun m.; °; -ar): man

kennings

hildings kyns lofða
‘of the prince of the race of men ’
   = RULER = Christ

the race of men → MANKIND
the prince of the MANKIND → RULER = Christ
Close

lofða ‘of men’

lofði (noun m.; °; -ar): man

kennings

hildings kyns lofða
‘of the prince of the race of men ’
   = RULER = Christ

the race of men → MANKIND
the prince of the MANKIND → RULER = Christ
Close

kyns ‘of the race’

1. kyn (noun n.; °-s; -): kin

kennings

hildings kyns lofða
‘of the prince of the race of men ’
   = RULER = Christ

the race of men → MANKIND
the prince of the MANKIND → RULER = Christ
Close

kyns ‘of the race’

1. kyn (noun n.; °-s; -): kin

kennings

hildings kyns lofða
‘of the prince of the race of men ’
   = RULER = Christ

the race of men → MANKIND
the prince of the MANKIND → RULER = Christ
Close

meðan ‘while’

meðan (conj.): while

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lifði ‘it lived’

lifa (verb): live

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kend ‘known’

kenna (verb): know, teach

[4] kend: ‘[...]’ B, ‘k[...]nd’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[4] kend ‘known’: B is badly worn, and it is not possible to identify the traces of possibly two letters which remain. 399a-bˣ read ‘k…nd’ with certainty, and a second hand (identified by Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 25 n. 48, as that of Jón Sigurðsson) supplied ‘kend’. This reconstruction is confirmed by the aðalhending with hendi, and has been adopted by all subsequent eds.

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ó ‘un’

ó- ((prefix)): un- < óvísligr (adj.)

notes

[6] óvísligar (f. acc. pl.) ‘uncertain’: So B, 399a-bˣ, Kempff and Rydberg; Skj A reads æ vísligar, which is followed by Skj B, Kock, Jón Helgason (1935-6, 252) and Black, the first word being understood as the adv. æ ‘always’. Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) construes sú rasar æ aum í aumar vísligar píslir, which he translates de styrter altid elendige i elendige visse pinsler ‘they rush always miserable into miserable certain torments’. Kock (NN §2805) takes the æ ‘always’ as modifying vísligar píslir, understood in apposition to aumar ‘wretched’.

Close

vísligar ‘certain’

vísligr (adj.): [certain] < óvísligr (adj.)

notes

[6] óvísligar (f. acc. pl.) ‘uncertain’: So B, 399a-bˣ, Kempff and Rydberg; Skj A reads æ vísligar, which is followed by Skj B, Kock, Jón Helgason (1935-6, 252) and Black, the first word being understood as the adv. æ ‘always’. Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) construes sú rasar æ aum í aumar vísligar píslir, which he translates de styrter altid elendige i elendige visse pinsler ‘they rush always miserable into miserable certain torments’. Kock (NN §2805) takes the æ ‘always’ as modifying vísligar píslir, understood in apposition to aumar ‘wretched’.

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ey ‘perpetually’

4. ey (adv.): always

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grœtir ‘grieves’

grœta (verb): weep

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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huggar ‘affords comfort’

hugga (verb): comfort

[8] huggar: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘huga[...]’ B

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