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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 23VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 23’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 93.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
222324

kveðja ‘to call on’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

[1] kveðja: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]edia’ B

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stillir ‘ruler’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

hás ‘of the high’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

hás ‘of the high’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

hræddisk ‘he dreaded’

3. hræða (verb): fear, be afraid

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hríðar ‘of the tempest’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

hríðar ‘of the tempest’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

nausts ‘boatshed’

naust (noun n.; °-s/-(Fær 137¹); -): boathouse

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

nausts ‘boatshed’

naust (noun n.; °-s/-(Fær 137¹); -): boathouse

kennings

stillir hás nausts hríðar:
‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest: ’
   = God

the high boatshed of the tempest: → SKY/HEAVEN
ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2-4] stillir hás nausts hríðar ‘ruler of the high boatshed of the tempest [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: A similar concept – stillir + ‘abode of the storm’ – also lies behind the God-kennings stillir býrskríns ‘regulator of the shrine of the breeze’ in Pl 3/2-3 and hár stillir hreggtjalda ‘high ruler of the storm-tents’ Has 1/1-2.

Close

mildingr ‘prince’

mildingr (noun m.; °-s): ruler, generous one

[5] mildingr: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘milld[...]r’ B

kennings

‘mildingr sunnu,
‘‘prince of the sun, ’
   = God

‘prince of the sun, → God
Close

sunnu ‘of the sun’

sunna (noun f.): sun

kennings

‘mildingr sunnu,
‘‘prince of the sun, ’
   = God

‘prince of the sun, → God
Close

bauga ‘of rings’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring

kennings

tínir bauga,
‘the gatherer of rings, ’
   = MAN

the gatherer of rings, → MAN

notes

[6] tínir bauga ‘gatherer of rings’: Possibly an ironic use of a variation on a conventional kenning-type (Meissner, 256), when applied to a thief. Cf. auðbrjótr ‘destroyer of riches’ in 24/2.

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tínir ‘the gatherer’

tínir (noun m.): gatherer

kennings

tínir bauga,
‘the gatherer of rings, ’
   = MAN

the gatherer of rings, → MAN

notes

[6] tínir bauga ‘gatherer of rings’: Possibly an ironic use of a variation on a conventional kenning-type (Meissner, 256), when applied to a thief. Cf. auðbrjótr ‘destroyer of riches’ in 24/2.

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þ*itt ‘your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[7] þ*itt: ‘þrott’ B

notes

[7] þ*itt ‘your’: Sveinbjörn Egilsson (note to 444ˣ transcript and 1844, 20 n. 29) suggests this emendation, which has been adopted by all subsequent eds. B’s reading þrótt m. acc. sg. is undoubtedly caused by the scribe’s eye-skip forward to hring-Þrótt (where Þróttr is a name for Óðinn) in 25/2 (fol. 12v l. 41), influenced by bauga in l. 6.

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heldr ‘a rather’

heldr (adv.): rather

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veldi ‘kingdom’

veldi (noun n.): realm

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