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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 2VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 74-5.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
123

Engr ‘No’

2. engi (pron.): no, none

[1] Engr: ‘Eíngí’ B

kennings

Engr sløngvir elda Mistar
‘No slinger of the fires of Mist ’
   = WARRIOR

the fires of Mist → SWORDS
No slinger of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

elda ‘of the fires’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

Engr sløngvir elda Mistar
‘No slinger of the fires of Mist ’
   = WARRIOR

the fires of Mist → SWORDS
No slinger of SWORDS → WARRIOR

notes

[1-2] sløngvir elda Mistar ‘slinger of the fires of Mist [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’: Mist is named as a valkyrie in Grí 36/1, and her name is often used as a battle-heiti in man-kennings such as runnr Mistar ‘bush of Mist’ (Anon Nkt 69/4II). Viðir linns Mistar ‘trees of the snake of Mist’ in 5/2-3 recalls both this kenning and the rekit man-kenning in the second helmingr.

Close

elda ‘of the fires’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

Engr sløngvir elda Mistar
‘No slinger of the fires of Mist ’
   = WARRIOR

the fires of Mist → SWORDS
No slinger of SWORDS → WARRIOR

notes

[1-2] sløngvir elda Mistar ‘slinger of the fires of Mist [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’: Mist is named as a valkyrie in Grí 36/1, and her name is often used as a battle-heiti in man-kennings such as runnr Mistar ‘bush of Mist’ (Anon Nkt 69/4II). Viðir linns Mistar ‘trees of the snake of Mist’ in 5/2-3 recalls both this kenning and the rekit man-kenning in the second helmingr.

Close

sløngvir ‘slinger’

sløngvir (noun m.): slinger

kennings

Engr sløngvir elda Mistar
‘No slinger of the fires of Mist ’
   = WARRIOR

the fires of Mist → SWORDS
No slinger of SWORDS → WARRIOR

notes

[1-2] sløngvir elda Mistar ‘slinger of the fires of Mist [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’: Mist is named as a valkyrie in Grí 36/1, and her name is often used as a battle-heiti in man-kennings such as runnr Mistar ‘bush of Mist’ (Anon Nkt 69/4II). Viðir linns Mistar ‘trees of the snake of Mist’ in 5/2-3 recalls both this kenning and the rekit man-kenning in the second helmingr.

Close

allvíst ‘altogether true’

allvíss (adj.): [altogether true]

Close

Mistar ‘of Mist’

Mist (noun f.): Mist

kennings

Engr sløngvir elda Mistar
‘No slinger of the fires of Mist ’
   = WARRIOR

the fires of Mist → SWORDS
No slinger of SWORDS → WARRIOR

notes

[1-2] sløngvir elda Mistar ‘slinger of the fires of Mist [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’: Mist is named as a valkyrie in Grí 36/1, and her name is often used as a battle-heiti in man-kennings such as runnr Mistar ‘bush of Mist’ (Anon Nkt 69/4II). Viðir linns Mistar ‘trees of the snake of Mist’ in 5/2-3 recalls both this kenning and the rekit man-kenning in the second helmingr.

Close

Mistar ‘of Mist’

Mist (noun f.): Mist

kennings

Engr sløngvir elda Mistar
‘No slinger of the fires of Mist ’
   = WARRIOR

the fires of Mist → SWORDS
No slinger of SWORDS → WARRIOR

notes

[1-2] sløngvir elda Mistar ‘slinger of the fires of Mist [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’: Mist is named as a valkyrie in Grí 36/1, and her name is often used as a battle-heiti in man-kennings such as runnr Mistar ‘bush of Mist’ (Anon Nkt 69/4II). Viðir linns Mistar ‘trees of the snake of Mist’ in 5/2-3 recalls both this kenning and the rekit man-kenning in the second helmingr.

Close

maklig ‘fitting’

makligr (adj.): deserving

Close

mærðar ‘praise’

mærð (noun f.): praise

Close

dróttinn ‘Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[4] dróttinn: ‘[...]’ B, ‘ḍṛọṭṭịṇṇ’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘d[...]’ BRydberg

notes

[4] dróttinn ‘Lord’: No traces of this word are visible in B. 399a-bˣ reads dróttinn, but indicates uncertainty. All other eds adopt this reading.

Close

él ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm < élhǫll (noun f.)

kennings

skýrr konungr élhallar,
‘pure king of the storm-hall, ’
   = God

the storm-hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

él ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm < élhǫll (noun f.)

kennings

skýrr konungr élhallar,
‘pure king of the storm-hall, ’
   = God

the storm-hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hallar ‘hall’

1. hǫll (noun f.; °hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir): hall < élhǫll (noun f.)

kennings

skýrr konungr élhallar,
‘pure king of the storm-hall, ’
   = God

the storm-hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hallar ‘hall’

1. hǫll (noun f.; °hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir): hall < élhǫll (noun f.)

kennings

skýrr konungr élhallar,
‘pure king of the storm-hall, ’
   = God

the storm-hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ǫllu ‘than all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

est ‘you are’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[6] est ‘you are’: Kock (NN §2070D) points out that it is the verb, rather than, as is more usual, a noun, which carries the alliteration and stress here (see also Black 1971, 139).

Close

skýrr ‘pure’

skýrr (adj.): clear

kennings

skýrr konungr élhallar,
‘pure king of the storm-hall, ’
   = God

the storm-hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

konungr ‘king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

skýrr konungr élhallar,
‘pure king of the storm-hall, ’
   = God

the storm-hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

rómu ‘of battle’

róma (noun f.): battle

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

rómu ‘of battle’

róma (noun f.): battle

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

rómu ‘of battle’

róma (noun f.): battle

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

linns ‘of the snake’

linnr (noun m.): snake

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

linns ‘of the snake’

linnr (noun m.): snake

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

linns ‘of the snake’

linnr (noun m.): snake

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

runnar ‘bushes’

runnr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): bush, tree

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

ramm ‘of the strong’

rammr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): mighty < rammglygg (noun n.)

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

ramm ‘of the strong’

rammr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): mighty < rammglygg (noun n.)

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

glyggs ‘storm’

glygg (noun n.; °-s; -): storm < rammglygg (noun n.)

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

glyggs ‘storm’

glygg (noun n.; °-s; -): storm < rammglygg (noun n.)

kennings

runnar rammglyggs linns rómu
‘bushes of the strong storm of the snake of battle ’
   = WARRIORS

the snake of battle → SWORD
the strong storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
bushes of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

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