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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Lv 9I

Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur 9’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 228.

Eyvindr skáldaspillir FinnssonLausavísur
8910

fillar ‘’

Close

Fullu ‘of Fulla’

Fulla (noun f.): Fulla

[1] Fullu: so R, Tˣ, W, U(30v), U(42r), fyllar Kˣ, F, FskBˣ, fullar J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 61, Bb, ‘fillar’ FskAˣ

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

Fullu ‘of Fulla’

Fulla (noun f.): Fulla

[1] Fullu: so R, Tˣ, W, U(30v), U(42r), fyllar Kˣ, F, FskBˣ, fullar J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 61, Bb, ‘fillar’ FskAˣ

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

skein ‘shone’

skína (verb): shine

notes

[1]: The diction of the line evokes a natural image of the sun setting over mountains (Hkr 1893-1901, IV) while also providing continuity from fjǫllum Fýrisvalla ‘mountains of Fýrisvellir’ in Lv 8/3.

Close

á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[1] á: af F

notes

[1]: The diction of the line evokes a natural image of the sun setting over mountains (Hkr 1893-1901, IV) while also providing continuity from fjǫllum Fýrisvalla ‘mountains of Fýrisvellir’ in Lv 8/3.

Close

fjǫllum ‘the mountains’

1. fjall (noun n.): mountain

kennings

fjǫllum kjóls Ullar
‘the mountains of the ship of Ullr ’
   = ARMS/HANDS

the ship of Ullr → SHIELD
the mountains of the SHIELD → ARMS/HANDS

notes

[1]: The diction of the line evokes a natural image of the sun setting over mountains (Hkr 1893-1901, IV) while also providing continuity from fjǫllum Fýrisvalla ‘mountains of Fýrisvellir’ in Lv 8/3.

Close

fjallsól ‘’

fjallsól (noun f.)

Close

fallsól ‘The setting sun’

fallsól (noun f.): [setting sun]

[2] fallsól bráa: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 61, Bb, R, Tˣ, W, U(30v), ‘fall sol bla’ Kˣ, fallsólar brá FskBˣ, ‘fall solbraar’ FskAˣ, fjallsól brá U(42r)

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1]: The diction of the line evokes a natural image of the sun setting over mountains (Hkr 1893-1901, IV) while also providing continuity from fjǫllum Fýrisvalla ‘mountains of Fýrisvellir’ in Lv 8/3. — [1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

fallsól ‘The setting sun’

fallsól (noun f.): [setting sun]

[2] fallsól bráa: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 61, Bb, R, Tˣ, W, U(30v), ‘fall sol bla’ Kˣ, fallsólar brá FskBˣ, ‘fall solbraar’ FskAˣ, fjallsól brá U(42r)

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1]: The diction of the line evokes a natural image of the sun setting over mountains (Hkr 1893-1901, IV) while also providing continuity from fjǫllum Fýrisvalla ‘mountains of Fýrisvellir’ in Lv 8/3. — [1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

bráa ‘of the brows’

1. brá (noun f.; °brár; brár): eyelash, eyebrow

[2] fallsól bráa: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 61, Bb, R, Tˣ, W, U(30v), ‘fall sol bla’ Kˣ, fallsólar brá FskBˣ, ‘fall solbraar’ FskAˣ, fjallsól brá U(42r)

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

bráa ‘of the brows’

1. brá (noun f.; °brár; brár): eyelash, eyebrow

[2] fallsól bráa: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 61, Bb, R, Tˣ, W, U(30v), ‘fall sol bla’ Kˣ, fallsólar brá FskBˣ, ‘fall solbraar’ FskAˣ, fjallsól brá U(42r)

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

vallar ‘of the plain’

vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field

[2] vallar: valla FskAˣ

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

vallar ‘of the plain’

vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field

[2] vallar: valla FskAˣ

kennings

Fallsól vallar bráa Fullu
‘ The setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla ’
   = GOLD

the plain of the brows of Fulla → FOREHEAD
The setting sun of the FOREHEAD → GOLD

notes

[1, 2] fallsól vallar bráa Fullu ‘the setting sun of the plain of the brows of Fulla <goddess> [FOREHEAD > GOLD]’: The little-known goddess Fulla is described in Gylf (SnE 2005, 29, 47) as a maidservant of Frigg who, as an unmarried woman, wears her hair free of a headdress but with a golden band, and this motif supplies the basis for a gold-kenning pattern (on Fulla, see also Note to Þul Ásynja 1/4III). The variant Fyllar (gen. sg.) appears to be a strong-declension by-form of Fulla with nom. *Fyllr (ÍF 26; ÍF 29). The specific mention of the setting sun (cf. sólarfall ‘sunset’, Konráð Gíslason 1892, 70) may relate to the redness of some gold: cf. rautt goll ‘red gold’ (LP: rauðr); ÍF 26 gives a more naturalistic explanation.

Close

Ullar ‘of Ullr’

Ullr (noun m.): Ullr

[3] Ullar: ull W

kennings

fjǫllum kjóls Ullar
‘the mountains of the ship of Ullr ’
   = ARMS/HANDS

the ship of Ullr → SHIELD
the mountains of the SHIELD → ARMS/HANDS

notes

[3] kjóls Ullar ‘of the ship of Ullr <god> [SHIELD]’: This kenning type is familiar, but no explanation for it occurs in SnE; see also ÞjóðA Frag 3/2II and Note.

Close

Ullar ‘of Ullr’

Ullr (noun m.): Ullr

[3] Ullar: ull W

kennings

fjǫllum kjóls Ullar
‘the mountains of the ship of Ullr ’
   = ARMS/HANDS

the ship of Ullr → SHIELD
the mountains of the SHIELD → ARMS/HANDS

notes

[3] kjóls Ullar ‘of the ship of Ullr <god> [SHIELD]’: This kenning type is familiar, but no explanation for it occurs in SnE; see also ÞjóðA Frag 3/2II and Note.

Close

kjóls ‘of the ship’

kjǫlr (noun m.; °kjalar, dat. kili; kjǫlir): keel, ship

kennings

fjǫllum kjóls Ullar
‘the mountains of the ship of Ullr ’
   = ARMS/HANDS

the ship of Ullr → SHIELD
the mountains of the SHIELD → ARMS/HANDS

notes

[3] kjóls Ullar ‘of the ship of Ullr <god> [SHIELD]’: This kenning type is familiar, but no explanation for it occurs in SnE; see also ÞjóðA Frag 3/2II and Note.

Close

kjóls ‘of the ship’

kjǫlr (noun m.; °kjalar, dat. kili; kjǫlir): keel, ship

kennings

fjǫllum kjóls Ullar
‘the mountains of the ship of Ullr ’
   = ARMS/HANDS

the ship of Ullr → SHIELD
the mountains of the SHIELD → ARMS/HANDS

notes

[3] kjóls Ullar ‘of the ship of Ullr <god> [SHIELD]’: This kenning type is familiar, but no explanation for it occurs in SnE; see also ÞjóðA Frag 3/2II and Note.

Close

of ‘throughout’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[3] of (‘vm’): ef Bb

notes

[3, 4] of allan aldr Hôkonar ‘throughout Hákon’s whole lifetime’: Cf. the closely similar phrasing in Lv 8/1, 4. 

Close

allan ‘whole’

allr (adj.): all

notes

[3, 4] of allan aldr Hôkonar ‘throughout Hákon’s whole lifetime’: Cf. the closely similar phrasing in Lv 8/1, 4. 

Close

aldr ‘lifetime’

aldr (noun m.; °aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar): life, age

notes

[3, 4] of allan aldr Hôkonar ‘throughout Hákon’s whole lifetime’: Cf. the closely similar phrasing in Lv 8/1, 4. 

Close

‘Há’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high < Hákon (noun m.): Hákon

[4] konar: ‘hakonr’ J1ˣ

notes

[3, 4] of allan aldr Hôkonar ‘throughout Hákon’s whole lifetime’: Cf. the closely similar phrasing in Lv 8/1, 4. 

Close

konar ‘kon’s’

1. kyn (noun n.; °-s; -): kin < Hákon (noun m.): Hákon

[4] konar: ‘hakonr’ J1ˣ

notes

[3, 4] of allan aldr Hôkonar ‘throughout Hákon’s whole lifetime’: Cf. the closely similar phrasing in Lv 8/1, 4. 

Close

skǫldum ‘of skalds’

skáld (noun n.; °-s; -): poet

[4] skǫldum: skjǫldum FskBˣ

Close

Nús ‘Now’

nú (adv.): now

Close

alf ‘the’

alfr (noun m.; °; -ar): elf < alfrǫðull (noun m.): [elf-disc]alfr (noun m.; °; -ar): elf < alfrǫðull (noun m.)alfr (noun m.; °; -ar): elf < alfrauðr (adj.)

[5] alf‑: afl‑ FskBˣ

kennings

alfrǫðull elfar
‘the sun of the river ’
   = GOLD

the sun of the river → GOLD

notes

[5] alfrǫðull ‘the sun’: Lit. ‘elf-beam’, used both as a common noun and as a proper name for the sun (LP: álfrǫðull).

Close

rǫðull ‘sun’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body < alfrǫðull (noun m.): [elf-disc]rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body < aflrǫðull (noun m.)

[5] ‑rǫðull: ‑rǫðul F, ‑rauðr Bb

kennings

alfrǫðull elfar
‘the sun of the river ’
   = GOLD

the sun of the river → GOLD

notes

[5] alfrǫðull ‘the sun’: Lit. ‘elf-beam’, used both as a common noun and as a proper name for the sun (LP: álfrǫðull).

Close

elfar ‘of the river’

elfr (noun f.): river

kennings

alfrǫðull elfar
‘the sun of the river ’
   = GOLD

the sun of the river → GOLD
Close

jǫtna ‘of the giants’

jǫtunn (noun m.; °jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar): giant

kennings

líki móður dolgs jǫtna;
‘the body of the mother of the enemy of the giants; ’
   = Jǫrð

the enemy of the giants; → Þórr
the body of the mother of ÞÓRR → Jǫrð
Close

jǫtna ‘of the giants’

jǫtunn (noun m.; °jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar): giant

kennings

líki móður dolgs jǫtna;
‘the body of the mother of the enemy of the giants; ’
   = Jǫrð

the enemy of the giants; → Þórr
the body of the mother of ÞÓRR → Jǫrð
Close

dolgs ‘of the enemy’

dolgr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ar): enemy, battle

kennings

líki móður dolgs jǫtna;
‘the body of the mother of the enemy of the giants; ’
   = Jǫrð

the enemy of the giants; → Þórr
the body of the mother of ÞÓRR → Jǫrð
Close

dolgs ‘of the enemy’

dolgr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ar): enemy, battle

kennings

líki móður dolgs jǫtna;
‘the body of the mother of the enemy of the giants; ’
   = Jǫrð

the enemy of the giants; → Þórr
the body of the mother of ÞÓRR → Jǫrð
Close

of ‘is’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

[6] of (‘vm’): ‘for’ J1ˣ, af B

Close

folginn ‘hidden’

2. fela (verb): hide

Close

rôð ‘the resolutions’

ráð (noun n.; °-s; -): advice, plan, control, power

[7] rôð: rof U

notes

[7-8] rôð rammrar þjóðar eru rík ‘the resolutions of the mighty people are powerful’: The identity of the þjóð ‘people’ and the nature of their rôð ‘resolutions’ is uncertain; Bjarni Einarsson (ÍF 29) glosses the clause því veldur ráðríki höfðingja (?) ‘that is caused by the imperiousness of the leaders (?)’. It is normally taken to refer to King Haraldr gráfeldr and his brothers (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), but an alternative identification, with a more standard interpretation of the word þjóð, would be with the people of the Trøndelag at large, whose resentment of the harsh rule of the Gunnhildarsynir (Eiríkssynir) contributed to Haraldr gráfeldr’s eventual destruction (Andersen 1977, 96-7; cf. Hkr 1991; ÍF 26 offers both identifications). Eyvindr stigmatises Haraldr as a folkstríðir ‘afflicter of the people’ in Lv 8/5 and may here be encouraging resistance.

Close

eru ‘are’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[7] eru: ‘eno’ Tˣ

notes

[7-8] rôð rammrar þjóðar eru rík ‘the resolutions of the mighty people are powerful’: The identity of the þjóð ‘people’ and the nature of their rôð ‘resolutions’ is uncertain; Bjarni Einarsson (ÍF 29) glosses the clause því veldur ráðríki höfðingja (?) ‘that is caused by the imperiousness of the leaders (?)’. It is normally taken to refer to King Haraldr gráfeldr and his brothers (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), but an alternative identification, with a more standard interpretation of the word þjóð, would be with the people of the Trøndelag at large, whose resentment of the harsh rule of the Gunnhildarsynir (Eiríkssynir) contributed to Haraldr gráfeldr’s eventual destruction (Andersen 1977, 96-7; cf. Hkr 1991; ÍF 26 offers both identifications). Eyvindr stigmatises Haraldr as a folkstríðir ‘afflicter of the people’ in Lv 8/5 and may here be encouraging resistance.

Close

rammrar ‘of the mighty’

rammr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): mighty

[7] rammrar: rammar FskBˣ

notes

[7-8] rôð rammrar þjóðar eru rík ‘the resolutions of the mighty people are powerful’: The identity of the þjóð ‘people’ and the nature of their rôð ‘resolutions’ is uncertain; Bjarni Einarsson (ÍF 29) glosses the clause því veldur ráðríki höfðingja (?) ‘that is caused by the imperiousness of the leaders (?)’. It is normally taken to refer to King Haraldr gráfeldr and his brothers (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), but an alternative identification, with a more standard interpretation of the word þjóð, would be with the people of the Trøndelag at large, whose resentment of the harsh rule of the Gunnhildarsynir (Eiríkssynir) contributed to Haraldr gráfeldr’s eventual destruction (Andersen 1977, 96-7; cf. Hkr 1991; ÍF 26 offers both identifications). Eyvindr stigmatises Haraldr as a folkstríðir ‘afflicter of the people’ in Lv 8/5 and may here be encouraging resistance.

Close

þjóðar ‘people’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people

notes

[7-8] rôð rammrar þjóðar eru rík ‘the resolutions of the mighty people are powerful’: The identity of the þjóð ‘people’ and the nature of their rôð ‘resolutions’ is uncertain; Bjarni Einarsson (ÍF 29) glosses the clause því veldur ráðríki höfðingja (?) ‘that is caused by the imperiousness of the leaders (?)’. It is normally taken to refer to King Haraldr gráfeldr and his brothers (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), but an alternative identification, with a more standard interpretation of the word þjóð, would be with the people of the Trøndelag at large, whose resentment of the harsh rule of the Gunnhildarsynir (Eiríkssynir) contributed to Haraldr gráfeldr’s eventual destruction (Andersen 1977, 96-7; cf. Hkr 1991; ÍF 26 offers both identifications). Eyvindr stigmatises Haraldr as a folkstríðir ‘afflicter of the people’ in Lv 8/5 and may here be encouraging resistance.

Close

rík ‘powerful’

ríkr (adj.): mighty, powerful, rich

[8] rík í móður líki: ríkmagnaðrar slíkrar B

notes

[7-8] rôð rammrar þjóðar eru rík ‘the resolutions of the mighty people are powerful’: The identity of the þjóð ‘people’ and the nature of their rôð ‘resolutions’ is uncertain; Bjarni Einarsson (ÍF 29) glosses the clause því veldur ráðríki höfðingja (?) ‘that is caused by the imperiousness of the leaders (?)’. It is normally taken to refer to King Haraldr gráfeldr and his brothers (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), but an alternative identification, with a more standard interpretation of the word þjóð, would be with the people of the Trøndelag at large, whose resentment of the harsh rule of the Gunnhildarsynir (Eiríkssynir) contributed to Haraldr gráfeldr’s eventual destruction (Andersen 1977, 96-7; cf. Hkr 1991; ÍF 26 offers both identifications). Eyvindr stigmatises Haraldr as a folkstríðir ‘afflicter of the people’ in Lv 8/5 and may here be encouraging resistance.

Close

ríkmagnaðrar ‘’

Close

í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[8] rík í móður líki: ríkmagnaðrar slíkrar B;    í: om. J1ˣ

Close

móður ‘of the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

[8] rík í móður líki: ríkmagnaðrar slíkrar B;    móður líki: blank space W

kennings

líki móður dolgs jǫtna;
‘the body of the mother of the enemy of the giants; ’
   = Jǫrð

the enemy of the giants; → Þórr
the body of the mother of ÞÓRR → Jǫrð
Close

líki ‘the body’

1. lík (noun n.; °-s; -): body, shape

[8] rík í móður líki: ríkmagnaðrar slíkrar B;    móður líki: blank space W

kennings

líki móður dolgs jǫtna;
‘the body of the mother of the enemy of the giants; ’
   = Jǫrð

the enemy of the giants; → Þórr
the body of the mother of ÞÓRR → Jǫrð
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As for Lv 8 in the kings’ sagas. The first helmingr is cited in SnE (twice in U) in a section illustrating kennings for ‘gold’, and the second in one illustrating kennings for ‘earth’.

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