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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hák 14I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 14’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 188.

Eyvindr skáldaspillir FinnssonHákonarmál
131415

‘Hermóðr ok Bragi,’         kvað Hroptatýr,
        ‘gangið í gǫgn grami,
því at konungr ferr,         sá es kappi þykkir,
        til hallar hinig.’

‘Hermóðr ok Bragi,’ kvað Hroptatýr, ‘gangið í gǫgn grami, því at konungr ferr hinig til hallar, sá es þykkir kappi.’

‘Hermóðr and Bragi,’ said Hroptatýr [Óðinn], ‘go to meet the monarch, because a king is coming here to the hall who is deemed a champion.’

Mss: (106r-v), F(18va), J1ˣ(64r), J2ˣ(60v) (Hkr); R(21r), Tˣ(21v), W(45), U(26r) (ll. 1-3), B(4r) (SnE); 761bˣ(99v-100v)

Readings: [2] ‑týr: ‘‑tyrr’ J1ˣ    [4] því at: alls F, ‘þul at’ Tˣ    [6] hinig: hinig corrected from hniginn R

Editions: Skj AI, 66-7, Skj BI, 59, Skald I, 36; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 221, IV, 60, ÍF 26, 195, Hkr 1991, I, 128 (HákGóð ch. 31/32), F 1871, 84; SnE 1848-87, I, 236-7, II, 303, 519, SnE 1931, 89, SnE 1998, I, 8; Möbius 1860, 234, Jón Helgason 1968, 27, Krause 1990,102-110.

Context: In Hkr, as for st. 1. In SnE, the stanza is cited in a series illustrating ways of referring to Óðinn.

Notes: [1] Hermóðr: Here the son of Óðinn, unlike in Hyndl 2, where Hermóðr, by being mentioned alongside Sigmundr, appears to be a legendary hero (so LP: 2. Hermóðr 1 and others, though Noreen 1921, 57, demurs). Mention of Hermóðr here, so soon after the resemblance to Hyndl 1 in the preceding stanza (see Note to st. 13/1), suggests an intended allusion. — [1] Bragi: A god of poetry (SnE 2005, 25), who also appears in Anon Eirm 4/2. His function seems to be to welcome the newcomer to Valhǫll with praise, as he does in st. 16. — [2] Hroptatýr ‘Hroptatýr [Óðinn]’: Although Hroptr is not an infrequent name for Óðinn, its derivation and meaning are uncertain. For discussion, see Bugge (1855, 32-4), Vogt (1925), Olsen (1929, 169-70), Lie (1946b, 205-6), Kuhn (1954, 420-1) and AEW: Hroptr; see also Note to Þul Óðins 2/4III. On the second element týr, probably ‘god’, see Note to st. 1/2. — [3]: The line is evidently borrowed from Anon Eirm 5/3 (Noreen 1926, 177).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. SnE 1848-87 = Snorri Sturluson. 1848-87. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar: Edda Snorronis Sturlaei. Ed. Jón Sigurðsson et al. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Legatum Arnamagnaeanum. Rpt. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  5. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  8. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  9. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. SnE 1931 = Snorri Sturluson. 1931. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar. Ed. Finnur Jónsson. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
  11. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  12. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  13. Möbius, Theodor. 1860. Edda Sæmundar hins fróða. Mit einem Anhang bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig: Hinrichs.
  14. Jón Helgason, ed. 1968. Skjaldevers. 3rd edn. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  15. Krause, Arnulf, ed. 1990. Die Dichtung des Eyvindr skáldaspillir: Edition-Kommentar-Untersuchungen. Altnordische Bibliothek 10. Leverkusen: Literaturverlag Norden Mark Reinhardt.
  16. Kuhn, Hans (1899). 1954. ‘Gaut’. In Wiese et al. 1954, 417-33. Rpt. in Kuhn (1899) 1969-78, II, 364-77.
  17. Lie, Hallvard. 1946b. ‘Sonatorrek str. 1-4’. ANF 61, 182-207.
  18. Noreen, Erik. 1926. Den norsk-isländska poesien. Stockholm: Norstedt.
  19. Vogt, Walther Heinrich. 1925. ‘Hroptr rǫgna’. ZDA 62, 41-8.
  20. Noreen, Erik. 1921. Studier i fornvästnordisk diktning. Uppsala: Akademiska bokhandeln.
  21. Bugge, Sophus. 1855. ‘Altnordische Namen’. Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 3, 26-34.
  22. Olsen, Magnus. 1929. ‘En iakttagelse vedkommende Balder-diktningen’. In Studier tillägnade Axel Kock, tidskriftens huvedredaktör, 1888-1928. = ANF 44 (Tilläggsband). Lund: Gleerup, 169-77.
  23. Internal references
  24. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  25. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  26. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Eiríksmál 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1009.
  27. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Eiríksmál 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1010.
  28. Not published: do not cite (HákGóðII)
  29. Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Óðins nǫfn 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 735.
  30. Not published: do not cite ()
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