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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hák 13I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 13’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 187.

Eyvindr skáldaspillir FinnssonHákonarmál

‘Ríða vit skulum,’         kvað in ríkja Skǫgul,
        ‘grœna heima goða,
Óðni at segja,         at nú mun allvaldr koma
        á hann sjalfan at séa.’

‘Vit skulum ríða,’ kvað in ríkja Skǫgul, ‘grœna heima goða, at segja Óðni, at nú mun allvaldr koma at séa á hann sjalfan.’

‘We two shall ride,’ said the mighty Skǫgul, ‘through the green abodes of the gods, to say to Óðinn that now a supreme ruler will come to look on him in person.’

Mss: (106r), F(18va), J1ˣ(64r), J2ˣ(60v) (Hkr); 761bˣ(99v)

Readings: [1] vit: so F, J2ˣ, vit nú Kˣ, 761bˣ, varð J1ˣ    [2] ríkja: so J1ˣ, J2ˣ, ríka Kˣ, F, 761bˣ    [3] grœna: grœnna F    [5] nú: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, hér Kˣ, 761bˣ    [6] á: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, ok Kˣ, 761bˣ;    sjalfan: sjalfr J1ˣ, J2ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 66, Skj BI, 59, Skj AI, 66, Skj BI, 59, Skald I, 36; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 220, IV, 60, ÍF 26, 195, Hkr 1991, I, 127 (HákGóð ch. 32), F 1871, 84; Möbius 1860, 233-4, Jón Helgason 1968, 27, Krause 1990, 98-101.

Context: As for st. 1.

Notes: [1] vit skulum ríða ‘we two shall ride’: The same phrase (Ríða vit skulum in the text) is applied in Hyndl 1/6 to a journey to Valhǫll (Noreen 1921, 57); see further Note to st. 14/1 below. — [3] grœna heima ‘through the green abodes’: Plural because the gods are said, in Grí (passim) and Gylf (SnE 2005, 19), to inhabit many abodes within Ásgarðr (Krause 1990, 99). The ms. evidence, though it is hardly conclusive, favours the acc. here. Very many eds read gen. pl. grœnna heima with F, with the same meaning (e.g. Munch and Unger 1847, 116, Skj B and Skald; see also Noreen 1921, 56). But the acc. may be used with normally intransitive verbs of motion to express the ideas ‘to’ and ‘through’ (Nygaard in NS §§95-6, though Nygaard himself cites this passage in evidence of the gen. construction, §141). — [5-6]: See Note to Anon Eirm 8/1-3 for a comparison with Vafþr 6/1-3. 


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj A = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15a. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. A: Tekst efter håndskrifterne. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1967. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NS = Nygaard, Marius. 1906. Norrøn syntax. Kristiania (Oslo): Aschehoug. Rpt. 1966.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  8. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  9. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. Munch, P. A. and C. R. Unger, eds. 1847. Oldnorsk læsebog med tilhörende glossarium. Christiania (Oslo): Dahl.
  11. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  12. Möbius, Theodor. 1860. Edda Sæmundar hins fróða. Mit einem Anhang bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig: Hinrichs.
  13. Jón Helgason, ed. 1968. Skjaldevers. 3rd edn. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  14. Krause, Arnulf, ed. 1990. Die Dichtung des Eyvindr skáldaspillir: Edition-Kommentar-Untersuchungen. Altnordische Bibliothek 10. Leverkusen: Literaturverlag Norden Mark Reinhardt.
  15. Noreen, Erik. 1921. Studier i fornvästnordisk diktning. Uppsala: Akademiska bokhandeln.
  16. Internal references
  17. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Eiríksmál 8’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1012.
  18. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  19. Not published: do not cite (HákGóðII)
  20. Not published: do not cite ()
  21. Not published: do not cite ()
  22. Not published: do not cite ()

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