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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hál 12I

Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal 12’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 211.

Eyvindr skáldaspillir FinnssonHáleygjatal

text and translation

Þeims allt austr
til Egða býs
brúðr valtýs
und bœgi liggr.

Þeims {brúðr {valtýs}} liggr und bœgi allt austr til býs Egða.
‘Under whose arm the bride of the slaughter-god [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘land’)] lies all the way east to the territory of the Egðir.

notes and context

Hákon jarl consolidates his control over the kingdom presented to him by the Danish king and launches raids in Vík (Viken, the area around Oslofjorden), which was subject to the Danish king.

The rel. þeims ‘whose’ presumably refers back to Hákon, the sverðalfr ‘sword-elf [WARRIOR]’ of st. 11/9. Possibly st. 12 originally continued directly from st. 11. — [2] býs Egða ‘the territory of the Egðir’: The Egðir are the people of Agðir (Agder), a district in southern Norway. The reference would imply that Hákon was able to consolidate power as far as the southernmost stretch of the west coast of Norway. Territories further east of Agðir, such as Telemark and Vestfold, were under Danish overlordship at this stage (Andersen 1977, 100). — [3-4]: This has been regarded as an allusion to the ritual marriage (hieros gamos) of ruler to land (e.g. Ström 1983; Steinsland 1991) and might point to the jarl’s revival of such a cult; see further Note to Gsind Hákdr 5/1, 2-3.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, 2. Háleygjatal 15: AI, 71, BI, 62, Skald I, 38; Fsk 1902-3, 79 (ch. 15), ÍF 29, 121 (ch. 17); Krause 1990, 198-200.


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