Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 95VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 95’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 670.

Anonymous PoemsLilja

Máría, vertu mier í hjarta,
mildin sjálf, því að gjarna vilda,
blessuð, þier, ef mætti eg meira,
margfaldaðan lofsaung gjalda.
Líflig orð í ljóðagjörðum
listuligrar móður Kristi
eingum tjóar að auka leingra;
einn er drottinn Máríu hreinni.

Máría, mildin sjálf, vertu í hjarta mier, því að vilda gjarna gjalda þier, blessuð, ef eg mætti meira, margfaldaðan lofsaung. Eingum tjóar að auka leingra líflig orð í ljóðagjörðum {listuligrar móður Kristi}; drottinn einn er hreinni Máríu.

Mary, goodness itself, be in my heart, because I would willingly offer to you, blessed one, if I could manage more, a manifold song of praise. It is to no avail for anyone to continue to add [lit. to augment further] lively words in girdles of songs {of the magnificent mother of Christ} [= Mary]; the Lord alone is purer than Mary.

Mss: Bb(116va-b), 99a(18v-19r), 622(40), 713(14), Vb(256), 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421) (ll. 1-6), 705ˣ(23r), 4892(40r)

Readings: [1] Máría: om. Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135);    vertu: virtu megnið Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), ertu 4892;    mier: míns Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135);    í: vel Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), om. 41 8°ˣ(421)    [2] því: om. 99a;    að: eg 713, 4892, om. Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421);    gjarna: gjarnan 99a, Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421), 705ˣ, 4892;    vilda: vild eg 99a, 622, Vb, 705ˣ, vildi 713, 4892, vilda eg 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421)    [3] blessuð: drottni og 622, blessaður Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135);    ef: om. 41 8°ˣ(421);    mætti eg: eg mætta 99a, 622, 713, 705ˣ, 4892, eg mætti Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421)    [4] margfaldaðan: margfaldastan 99a, 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421), 705ˣ, margfaldaðan þier 713, 4892    [5] Líflig: loflig 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421), 705ˣ;    ljóðagjörðum: ljóða skorðum 41 8°ˣ(421)    [6] listuligrar: listuligri 99a, 622, 713, 4892, af lystiligustum Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421), af listiligri 705ˣ;    móður: Jésú Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 41 8°ˣ(421);    Kristi: Kristo Vb    [7] eingum: aungum 99a, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 705ˣ, 4892;    tjóar: tjáir 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ(135), 705ˣ, 4892;    auka: yrkja 713;    leingra: leingr 4892    [8] einn: eirn 713, 41 8°ˣ(135), 705ˣ, 4892;    Máríu: hverjum Vb, öllum 41 8°ˣ(135);    hreinni: ‘hreirne’ 41 8°ˣ(135), 705ˣ

Editions: Skj AII, 393, Skj BII, 415, Skald II, 228.

Notes: [2] mildin sjálf ‘goodness itself’: Cf. the same epithet applied to Christ in 67/4, and the similar epithet for Christ, lífið sjálft ‘life itself’ in 83/1. — [5] líflig orð í ljóðagjörðum ‘lively words in girdles of songs’: See the Notes on 2/6 and 2/7, where similar words and images are used. Other mss have loflig orð ‘laudatory words’, and this variant is adopted by Skj B and Skald.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.

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