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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 85VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 85’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 657.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
848586

Muntu ‘Would you’

munu (verb): will, must

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inn ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

[1] inn: om. Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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sveitum ‘to bands’

sveit (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): host, company

[2] sveitum: sveitum ei 622

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nökkuð ‘perhaps’

nøkkut (adv.): some(what)

[2] nökkuð: þetta 622

notes

[2] nökkuð ‘perhaps’: In later ON the word often has this meaning when used in questions. See Fritzner: nökkut 2.

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meiða ‘harm’

meiða (verb): maim, wound

[3] meiða: meiddi 705ˣ

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skeina ‘wound’

2. skeina (verb): scratch

[3] skeina: pína 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, píndi 705ˣ, 4892

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Máríu ‘of Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

kennings

barn Máríu,
‘child of Mary, ’
   = Christ

child of Mary, → Christ
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barn ‘child’

barn (noun n.; °-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum): child

kennings

barn Máríu,
‘child of Mary, ’
   = Christ

child of Mary, → Christ
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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[4] og: enn 622, 713, Vb, ei 705ˣ, ‘e[...]’ 4892

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hjálpir ‘assistance’

1. hjalpa (verb): help

[4] hjálpir: hjálpar Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892

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Heitu ‘With warm’

heitr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): hot, ardent

[5] Heitu: með heitu Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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hjartans ‘of the heart’

hjarta (noun n.; °-; *-u): heart

[5] hjartans: hjarta 99a, 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892

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leystir ‘[you] freed’

leysa (verb): release, loosen, redeem

[6] leystir: so Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, leystir en því Bb, leystir þú 99a, 622, 713, leystz þú 4892

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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[6] og: om. 622, 713, 4892

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‘must’

mega (verb): may, might

[6] má: mun 99a, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, vil 713, 4892

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treysta ‘have confidence’

treysta (verb): trust, believe in

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Jésú ‘Jesus’

Jésús (noun m.): Jesus

[7] Jésú: að Jésús 99a, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, Jésús 713, 4892

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þinni ‘in your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[7] þinni: minni hafi 99a, 705ˣ, þín er 622, þínum 713, minni hefr Vb, 41 8°ˣ, sínum 4892

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ást ‘love’

ást (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): love

[7] ást: alt 99a, ástar 713, 4892

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er ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[7] er: og Bb, á 99a, 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, om. 4892

notes

[7] er ‘who’: The variant readings reveal scribal uncertainty about this word. Eiríkur Magnússon’s emendation to er ‘who, which’ (1870, 86) has been adopted by all subsequent eds.

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öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

[8] öllum: sem öllum 99a, 705ˣ, sá öllum Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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frá ‘from’

frá (prep.): from

[8] frá: af 705ˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[5-8]: The helmingr is made up of two sentences with parallel construction inspired by Lat. syntax: each begins with a dat. phrase (Heitu og rauðu hjartans blóði, þinni ást) followed by a 2nd pers. verb, the subject of which must be understood (leystir, bauð). Cf. Páll Hallsson’s early translation into Danish: ... Jeg som du forløste med dit heede oc røde hjerte blod ... du Jesu med din Kiærlighed indbiuder alle fra Döden til Liffuet ‘I, whom you redeemed with your hot and red heart’s blood ... you, Jesus, with your love invite all from death to life’ (Holm papp 23 folˣ, 11v).

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