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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 67VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 67’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 639.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
666768

Síðan reis með sigri af dauða
sunnudag og gjörði kunnan
sinn ódauðleik mörgum manni
mildin sjálf, þó að deyja vildi.
Tvennar gieingu tvisvar sinnum
tíu dægranna rásir hægar,
áðr en upp yfir himnahæðir
hæfi hann blóð, það er tók af móður.

Síðan reis mildin sjálf með sigri af dauða sunnudag og gjörði kunnan ódauðleik sinn mörgum manni, þó að vildi deyja. Tvisvar sinnum tvennar hægar rásir tíu dægranna gieingu, áðr en hann hæfi blóð, það er tók af móður, upp yfir himnahæðir.

Then rose goodness itself with victory from death on a Sunday and made known his immortality to many a man, though he had chosen to die [lit. wanted to die]. Two times two calm streams of ten days passed, before he would raise the blood, which he took from his mother, up over the heights of the heavens.

Mss: Bb(115va), 99a(13v), 622(35), 713(12), Vb(253), 41 8°ˣ(127), 705ˣ(16v-17r), 4892(35v)

Readings: [2] sunnudag: á sunnudag 99a, 705ˣ, sunnudaginn Vb, 41 8°ˣ;    og gjörði kunnan: so 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892, om. Bb    [3] ódauðleik: ódauðleika 4892;    manni: mönnum 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892    [4] þó að: þó 99a, er 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ    [6] hægar: hægra 99a, 705ˣ    [8] hæfi: hóf 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892;    hann: það Vb, hann það 41 8°ˣ, 4892;    það: om. 622, 41 8°ˣ, hann Vb, 4892;    er: om. 99a, Vb, 705ˣ, 4892, hann 713

Editions: Skj AII, 384-5, Skj BII, 408, Skald II, 223.

Notes: [1-2]: The Sunday Letter tradition represented by Leið celebrates Sunday as the day of the Resurrection; see especially  Leið 31. — [4] mildin sjálf ‘goodness itself’: The same phrase is used of Mary in 95/2. Its meaning is not specifically theological: the connotations are ‘kindness, clemency, mercy’, and it is used elsewhere to describe motherly love and as a form of address (see Fritzner). — [5-6]: A reference to the forty days between the Resurrection and the Ascension of Jesus (Acts I.3). — [8] blóð ‘blood’: A metonymy for the human body of Jesus. Cf. blóði Máriú ‘Mary’s blood’, used with the same meaning in 31/6, and hold og blóð, það er tókt af móður ‘flesh and blood, which you took from your mother’ 83/6.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.
  4. Internal references
  5. Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Leiðarvísan’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 137-78.
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