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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 53VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 53’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 623.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
525354

Hrækjandi ‘Spitting’

hrækja (verb): [spat, Spitting]

notes

[1] hrækjandi ‘spitting’: An allusion to Matt. XXVII.30: et expuentes in eum acceperunt harundinem et percutiebant caput eius ‘and spitting upon him, they took the reed and struck his head’ and Isa. L.6: corpus meum dedi percutientibus et genas meas vellentibus faciem meam non averti ab increpantibus et conspuentibus ‘I have given my body to the strikers, and my cheeks to them that plucked them: I have not turned away my face from them that rebuked me, and spit upon me’.

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mjög ‘much’

mjǫk (adv.): very, much

[1] mjög: þeir 99a, 622, þá 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892

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höfuðin ‘their heads’

hǫfuð (noun n.; °-s; -): head

notes

[1] skóku höfuðin ‘shook their heads’: An allusion to Matt. XXVII.39: praetereuntes autem blasphemabant eum moventes capita sua ‘and they that passed by blasphemed him, wagging their heads’. The poet probably also had in mind Lam. II.15 and Ps. CIX.25, which are liturgically associated with the Passion.

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skóku ‘they shook’

2. skaka (verb): shake

notes

[1] skóku höfuðin ‘shook their heads’: An allusion to Matt. XXVII.39: praetereuntes autem blasphemabant eum moventes capita sua ‘and they that passed by blasphemed him, wagging their heads’. The poet probably also had in mind Lam. II.15 and Ps. CIX.25, which are liturgically associated with the Passion.

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sem ‘as well as’

sem (conj.): as, which

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leiðir ‘loathsome’

2. leiðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): hateful, loathsome

[2] leiðir: beiða Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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allir ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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Kristi ‘of Christ’

Kristr (noun m.; °-s/-, dat. -i; -ar): Christ

[3] Kristi: Kristum 622, 713, 705ˣ, 4892

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Minnaz ‘remember’

1. minna (verb): remind, remember, recall

notes

[5, 8] eg verð minnaz … hun vildi minnaz ‘I must remember … would that she would remember’: The parallel construction points to the poet’s hope for a reciprocal relationship: his meditation on Mary’s sorrows will lead to her awareness of his. Cf. 69/3-4 and 99/5-6.

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verð ‘must’

1. verða (verb): become, be

[5] verð eg: verðr og 99a, 622, verð eg og 713, 4892, verðr Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ

notes

[5, 8] eg verð minnaz … hun vildi minnaz ‘I must remember … would that she would remember’: The parallel construction points to the poet’s hope for a reciprocal relationship: his meditation on Mary’s sorrows will lead to her awareness of his. Cf. 69/3-4 and 99/5-6.

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eg ‘I’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[5] verð eg: verðr og 99a, 622, verð eg og 713, 4892, verðr Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ

notes

[5, 8] eg verð minnaz … hun vildi minnaz ‘I must remember … would that she would remember’: The parallel construction points to the poet’s hope for a reciprocal relationship: his meditation on Mary’s sorrows will lead to her awareness of his. Cf. 69/3-4 and 99/5-6.

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ei ‘not’

3. ei (adv.): not

[5] ei: eigi 99a

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móður ‘the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

[6] móður: móðir 4892

kennings

móður guðs,
‘the mother of God ’
   = Mary

the mother of God → Mary
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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

[6] guðs: guði 4892

kennings

móður guðs,
‘the mother of God ’
   = Mary

the mother of God → Mary
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er ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[6] er: om. 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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tárum ‘tears’

tár (noun n.; °; -): tear

[6] tárum: vatni 713, 4892, þessum Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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flóði ‘was flooded’

3. flóa (verb): flood, flow

[6] flóði: óði Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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mætti ‘could’

mega (verb): may, might

[7] mætti verða minna sótta: heilagrar því fljóða frægust Vb, það heilagrar því fljóða frægust 41 8°ˣ

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verða ‘come about’

1. verða (verb): become, be

[7] mætti verða minna sótta: heilagrar því fljóða frægust Vb, það heilagrar því fljóða frægust 41 8°ˣ;    verða: virða 4892

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‘that’

4. at (conj.): that

[7] mætti verða minna sótta: heilagrar því fljóða frægust Vb, það heilagrar því fljóða frægust 41 8°ˣ;    að: om. 622, 705ˣ, 4892

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minna ‘my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[7] mætti verða minna sótta: heilagrar því fljóða frægust Vb, það heilagrar því fljóða frægust 41 8°ˣ;    minna: minnar 99a, 622, 713, 705ˣ, minnz 4892

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sótta ‘sorrows’

sótt (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): illness

[7] mætti verða minna sótta: heilagrar því fljóða frægust Vb, það heilagrar því fljóða frægust 41 8°ˣ;    sótta: sóttar 99a, 622, 713, 705ˣ

notes

[7] sótta ‘sorrows’: See Note to 40/5.

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minnaz ‘to be mindful of’

1. minna (verb): remind, remember, recall

[8] minnaz vildi hun eitthvert sinni: fæddi þann for meinin græddi Vb, 41 8°ˣ

notes

[5, 8] eg verð minnaz … hun vildi minnaz ‘I must remember … would that she would remember’: The parallel construction points to the poet’s hope for a reciprocal relationship: his meditation on Mary’s sorrows will lead to her awareness of his. Cf. 69/3-4 and 99/5-6.

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vildi ‘want’

vilja (verb): want, intend

[8] minnaz vildi hun eitthvert sinni: fæddi þann for meinin græddi Vb, 41 8°ˣ;    vildi: vildir 4892

notes

[5, 8] eg verð minnaz … hun vildi minnaz ‘I must remember … would that she would remember’: The parallel construction points to the poet’s hope for a reciprocal relationship: his meditation on Mary’s sorrows will lead to her awareness of his. Cf. 69/3-4 and 99/5-6.

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hun ‘she’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[8] minnaz vildi hun eitthvert sinni: fæddi þann for meinin græddi Vb, 41 8°ˣ;    hun: om. 622, 4892

notes

[5, 8] eg verð minnaz … hun vildi minnaz ‘I must remember … would that she would remember’: The parallel construction points to the poet’s hope for a reciprocal relationship: his meditation on Mary’s sorrows will lead to her awareness of his. Cf. 69/3-4 and 99/5-6.

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eitthvert ‘at some’

einshverr (pron.; °m. dat. ·hverjum, f. dat. ·hverri): a certain

[8] minnaz vildi hun eitthvert sinni: fæddi þann for meinin græddi Vb, 41 8°ˣ;    eitthvert: nökkuru 99a, 705ˣ

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sinni ‘time’

2. sinni (noun n.; °-s;): time, occasion; company, following

[8] minnaz vildi hun eitthvert sinni: fæddi þann for meinin græddi Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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[3-4]: The disciples fled when Jesus was arrested (Matt. XXVI.56, Mark XIV.50).

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