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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 44VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 44’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 614.

Anonymous PoemsLilja

Sonr Máríu, sonr inn dýri,
sonr menniligr guðs og hennar,
kenndu mier að forðaz fjandann
fjölkunnigan, en þier að unna.
Sie þier dýrð með sannri prýði,
sunginn heiðr af öllum tungum
eilífliga með sigri og sælu;
sæmd og vald það minkaz aldri.

{Sonr Máríu}, inn dýri sonr, {menniligr sonr guðs og hennar}, kenndu mier að forðaz fjölkunnigan fjandann, en að unna þier. Sie þier dýrð með sannri prýði. heiðr sunginn af öllum tungum, eilífliga með sigri og sælu; sæmd og það vald minkaz aldri.

{Son of Mary} [= Christ], the precious son, {human son of God and her} [= Christ], teach me to avoid the clever enemy, and to love you. Let there be to you glory with true beauty, honour sung from all tongues, eternally with victory and blessing; honour and that power will never be diminished.

Mss: Bb(114vb), 99a(9v), 622(31), 713(9), Vb(251), 41 8°ˣ(119), 705ˣ(11v-12r), 4892(31v-32r)

Readings: [1] Máríu: ‘[...]’ 713, Marie Vb;    sonr: ‘[...]’ 713;    dýri: goði 622    [2] sonr: so all others, son Bb;    menniligr: so 99a, minniligr Bb, eingetinn 622, inniligr 713, 705ˣ, meligr 4892    [4] fjölkunnigan: ‘en þer [...]’ 713, fjölkunnugan Vb    [5-8] abbrev. as ‘Se þer dyrd:·’ Bb, ‘Sie þier dyrd:’ 99a, 622, ‘Se þier dyrd m. s. p. s. h.’ 713, ‘sie þier dyrd med sannri prydi og sunginn heidur’ 705ˣ    [5] með: ‘me’ Vb    [7] eilífliga: so Vb, 41 8°ˣ, ílífliga 4892;    sigri: sigur Vb, 41 8°ˣ    [8] það: þitt Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892;    minkaz: minkiz Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

Editions: Skj AII, 377, Skj BII, 402, Skald II, 219, NN §2629 E.

Notes: [All]: The order of sts 45 and 46 is reversed in 713 and 4892. — [2] menniligr ‘human’: The 99a reading must be the correct one: it is necessary for the rhyme with hennar (JH). — [5-8]: The fourth instance of the refrain, introduced for the first time at st. 26 and repeated at sts 32 and 38.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.

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