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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 30VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 30’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 597-8.

Anonymous PoemsLilja

text and translation

Friettir nú, með hverjum hætti
henni bæri til fögnuð þenna,
borgarmúrr svá að brysti hvergi
bygð geymandi hreinleiks dygða.
Eingill segir, að ei mun syngaz
jungfrú blíð, þá er sveinn er smíðaðr
haglig myndan heilags anda
hold og bein af líkam hreinum.

Friettir nú, með hverjum hætti þenna fögnuð bæri til henni, svá að borgarmúrr, geymandi bygð dygða hreinleiks, brysti hvergi. Eingill segir, að blíð jungfrú mun ei syngaz, þá er sveinn, {haglig myndan heilags anda}, er smíðaðr, hold og bein af hreinum líkam.
‘She asks now by what means this joy might befall her, so that the guarding wall, protecting the dwelling of the virtues of chastity, should nowhere break. The angel says that the gentle virgin will not commit sin, when the boy, the proper image of the Holy Spirit [= God (= Christ)], is formed, flesh and bone from the pure body.

notes and context

The st. summarizes the story of the Annunciation from Luke I.34-5: dixit autem Maria ad angelum quomodo fiet istud quoniam virum non cognosco et respondens angelus dixit ei Spiritus Sanctus superveniet in te et virtus Altissimi obumbrabit tibi ideoque et quod nascetur sanctum vocabitur Filius Dei ‘And Mary said to the Angel: How shall this be done, because I know not man? And the Angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God’. — [8]: Cf. the Icel. homily for the Circumcision: likama tk haɴ af hoʟde móþor ſiɴar ‘[the] body he took from the flesh of his mother’ (HómÍsl 1993, 26v) Cf. also 83/6 and Note.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Eysteinn Ásgrímsson, Lilja 30: AII, 373, BII, 398, Skald II, 217.


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