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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 25VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 25’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 591.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
242526

Móðir ‘a mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

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oss ‘to us’

vér (pron.; °gen. vár, dat./acc. oss): we, us, our

[1] oss: vár 622, svá Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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Máría ‘Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

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mektar ‘of might’

mekt (noun f.; °-ar): might, power < mektarblóm (noun n.)

[2] mektarblóm: mektug blóm 720a VIII

notes

[2] mektarblóm ‘flower of might’: The cpd is hap. leg.; cf. mektarfullr ‘full of might’ (of Lucifer) 7/1.

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blóm ‘flower’

blóm (noun n.; °-s; -): flower < mektarblóm (noun n.)

[2] mektarblóm: mektug blóm 720a VIII

notes

[2] mektarblóm ‘flower of might’: The cpd is hap. leg.; cf. mektarfullr ‘full of might’ (of Lucifer) 7/1.

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en ‘and’

2. en (conj.): but, and

[2] en: og 99a, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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glæsilig ‘magnificent’

glæsiligr (adj.): magnificent, glorious

[3] glæsilig: gleðilig 41 8°ˣ

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roðnuð ‘a reddened’

roðna (verb): redden

[3] roðnuð: roðnust Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, rjóðust 4892

notes

[3] roðnuð ‘reddened’: So Bb. and several other mss. Skj B and Skald prefer the alternative ms. reading roðnust ‘reddest’.

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rósa ‘rose’

rósa (noun f.; °-u; -ur): [rose]

notes

[3] rósa ‘rose’: The rose, like the lily, is a traditional emblem of Mary. See Kirschbaum et al. 1968-76, III, 563-8; Schottmann 1973, 24-5.

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við ‘beside’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[4] við: með 720a VIII, til 713

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lifandi ‘living’

lifandi (noun m.; °; lifendr): living

[4] lifandi: lifanda 720a VIII

notes

[4] lifandi brunna ‘living springs’: The image is biblical: cf. Gen. XXVI.19; Lev. XIV.52, 53, XV.13; Num. XX.6; Jer. II.13; John IV.10, 11, VII.38; Rev. XXI.6.

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brunna ‘springs’

brunnr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): spring, well

notes

[4] lifandi brunna ‘living springs’: The image is biblical: cf. Gen. XXVI.19; Lev. XIV.52, 53, XV.13; Num. XX.6; Jer. II.13; John IV.10, 11, VII.38; Rev. XXI.6.

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lítillætis ‘of humility’

lítillæti (noun n.): humility

[5] lítillætis: lítillæti 41 8°ˣ

notes

[5] lítillætis ‘humility’: cf. 90/2.

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logandi ‘aflame’

logandi (noun m.; °; logendr): [aflame]

[6] logandi: lifandi Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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öll ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

[6] öll: ást Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

[6] með: í 622

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syni ‘’

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skír ‘’

2. skírr (adj.): pure, bright < skírleikr (noun m.): purity2. skírr (adj.): pure, bright < skírlífr (adj.)2. skírr (adj.): pure, bright < skírligr (adj.)

[6] skírleiks: skírlífs 99a, skærligs 622, skærleiks 713, syni og Vb, 41 8°ˣ, skærleik 4892

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leiks ‘of purity’

1. leikr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar): sport, play < skírleikr (noun m.): purity1. leikr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar): sport, play < skærleikr (noun m.): brightness

[6] skírleiks: skírlífs 99a, skærligs 622, skærleiks 713, syni og Vb, 41 8°ˣ, skærleik 4892

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góðum ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

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guði ‘God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

notes

[8] guði líkjandi ‘like God’: Mary is implicitly contrasted with Eve, who disobeyed and fell from grace in her misguided and futile attempt to become like God (Gen. III.5). Mary, obedient and full of grace, is like God.

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líkjandi ‘like’

líkja (verb): be like

[8] líkjandi: líkuz 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

notes

[8] guði líkjandi ‘like God’: Mary is implicitly contrasted with Eve, who disobeyed and fell from grace in her misguided and futile attempt to become like God (Gen. III.5). Mary, obedient and full of grace, is like God.

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[8] í: af 720a VIII, 622, að 99a, om. 713

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slíkum ‘such’

2. slíkr (adj.): such

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