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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 35I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 35’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 327.

Einarr skálaglamm HelgasonVellekla
343536

fylli ‘their fill’

fylli (noun f.): fill

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fullr ‘sated’

2. fullr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): full, complete

[2] fullr: fyllr A, 743ˣ, 2368ˣ

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spjǫr ‘spears’

spjǫr (noun n.): spear

[2] spjǫr: ‘spier’ 743ˣ, 2368ˣ

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her ‘The army’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < herstefnandi (noun m.)

[3] her‑: hré‑ Tˣ, B, hræ‑ A, 743ˣ, 2368ˣ

kennings

Herstefnandi
‘The army-summoner ’
   = RULER

The army-summoner → RULER
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stefnandi ‘summoner’

stefnandi (noun m.): [summoner, driver] < herstefnandi (noun m.)stefnandi (noun m.): [summoner, driver] < hréstefnandi (noun m.)stefnandi (noun m.): [summoner, driver] < hræstefnandi (noun m.)

[3] ‑stefnandi: ‘‑stef(na)nd[...]’(?) B, stefnandi 744ˣ

kennings

Herstefnandi
‘The army-summoner ’
   = RULER

The army-summoner → RULER
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hrǫfnum ‘ravens’

hrafn (noun m.; °hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar): raven

[3] hrǫfnum: hrafna A, 743ˣ, 2368ˣ, ‘[...]efna’ B, hrefna 744ˣ

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ylgjar ‘of the she-wolf’

ylgr (noun f.; °acc. -i): she-wolf

kennings

tafni ylgjar.
‘the prey of the she-wolf. ’
   = CORPSE

the prey of the she-wolf. → CORPSE
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tafni ‘the prey’

tafn (noun n.; °-s; *-): carrion

[4] tafni: ‘tanni’ Tˣ

kennings

tafni ylgjar.
‘the prey of the she-wolf. ’
   = CORPSE

the prey of the she-wolf. → CORPSE
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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This helmingr is the first example cited in a passage on names for ‘raven’ in both SnE (Skm) and LaufE.

The very general content of the stanza makes it unclear whether it even belongs to Vell or has any relation to the battle against the Jómsvíkingar; see Introduction.

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