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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 31I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 31’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 322.

Einarr skálaglamm HelgasonVellekla

text and translation

Valfǫllum hlóð vǫllu
(varð ragna konr gagni)
hríðar ôss (at hrósa)
— hlaut Óðinn val — Fróða.
Hver sé if, nema jǫfra
ættrýri goð stýra?
Rammaukin kveðk ríki
rǫgn Hôkunar magna.

{Ôss {hríðar Fróða}} hlóð vǫllu valfǫllum; {konr ragna} varð at hrósa gagni; Óðinn hlaut val. Hver if sé, nema goð stýra {{jǫfra ætt}rýri}? Kveðk rammaukin rǫgn magna ríki Hôkunar.
‘The god of the storm of Fróði <sea-king> [BATTLE > WARRIOR] piled up the fields with the slain; the descendant of the gods [= Hákon jarl] could boast of victory; Óðinn was allotted the slain. What doubt might there be that the gods guide the destroyer of the kin of princes [(lit. ‘kin-destroyer of princes’) PRINCES > RULER = Hákon jarl]? I declare that the exceedingly powerful gods increase the might of Hákon.

notes and context

See Context to st. 29. SnE (Skm) cites ll. 7-8 to illustrate how the gods can be called rǫgn.

[1-4]: Kock (NN §409) construes ôss hríðar Fróða ‘the god of the storm of Fróði <sea-king> [BATTLE > WARRIOR]’ in the subordinate clause in apposition to konr ragna ‘the descendant of the gods’ (l. 2) in order to simplify the syntactic structure of the helmingr. However, the main clause then lacks a subject (cf. Reichardt 1928, 113-14 n. 92). — [5-8]: Fidjestøl (1982, 187) regards these lines as the poem’s stef and compares it to that of Bandadrápa (Edáð Banddr 9).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Einarr Helgason skálaglamm, 3. Vellekla 32: AI, 130, BI, 123, Skald I, 69, NN §§409, 1805, 1854B, 2247C; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 304-5, IV, 83-4, ÍF 26, 262, Hkr 1991, I, 175-6 (ÓTHkr ch. 27), F 1871, 113; Fsk 1902-3, 78 (ch. 15), ÍF 29, 119 (ch. 17); SnE 1848-87, I, 470, II, 340, 447, 591, SnE 1931, 166, SnE 1998, I, 85.


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