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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 27I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 27’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 317.

Einarr skálaglamm HelgasonVellekla
262728

gǫgn ‘against’

2. gegn (prep.): against

[1] gǫgn: gegn F, J1ˣ, 61, 54, Bb

Close

þótt ‘although’

þótt (conj.): although

Close

garð ‘of the fence’

garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard < garðrǫgnir (noun m.)garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yardgarðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

garð ‘of the fence’

garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard < garðrǫgnir (noun m.)garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yardgarðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

raknir ‘’

Close

rǫknir ‘’

Close

Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir’

Rǫgnir (noun m.): the Rǫgnir < garðrǫgnir (noun m.)

[2] Rǫgnir: ‘rǫknir’ 61, ‘raknir’ 54, Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

gengiligt ‘easy’

gengiligr (adj.): [easy]

Close

geir ‘of the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirrás (noun f.)

[4] geirrásar: ‘geírra sár’ Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

geir ‘of the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirrás (noun f.)

[4] geirrásar: ‘geírra sár’ Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

geir ‘of the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirrás (noun f.)

[4] geirrásar: ‘geírra sár’ Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

rásar ‘onslaught’

rás (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): running, course, company < geirrás (noun f.)

[4] geirrásar: ‘geírra sár’ Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

rásar ‘onslaught’

rás (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): running, course, company < geirrás (noun f.)

[4] geirrásar: ‘geírra sár’ Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

rásar ‘onslaught’

rás (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): running, course, company < geirrás (noun f.)

[4] geirrásar: ‘geírra sár’ Bb

kennings

geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir
‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

the spear-onslaught → BATTLE
the fence of the BATTLE → SHIELD
the Rǫgnir of the SHIELD → WARRIOR = Hákon jarl

notes

[2, 4] geirrásar garð-Rǫgnir ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the fence of the spear-onslaught [(lit. ‘fence-Rǫgnir of the spear-onslaught’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIOR = Hákon jarl]’: That the kenning refers to Hákon jarl is suggested by her þeira ‘their host’, which probably refers to the army of Otto II; see Note to l. 4.

Close

fylki ‘a host’

fylkir (noun m.): leader

[5] fylki Frísa: Frísa fylki all

notes

[5] fylki Frísa ‘a host of Frisians’: Although all mss give Frísa fylki, the word order must be reversed to achieve the hending on the third lift.

Close

Frísa ‘of Frisians’

fríss (noun m.; °; -ir): Frisian

[5] fylki Frísa: Frísa fylki all

notes

[5] fylki Frísa ‘a host of Frisians’: Although all mss give Frísa fylki, the word order must be reversed to achieve the hending on the third lift.

Close

gunn ‘the battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle < gunnviðurr (noun m.)gunnr (noun f.): battlegunnr (noun f.): battle < gunnundr (noun n.)

kennings

gunn-Viðurr
‘the battle-Viðurr ’
   = WARRIOR = Otto II

the battle-Viðurr → WARRIOR = Otto II
Close

viðviður ‘’

Close

Viðurr ‘Viðurr’

Viðurr (noun m.): Viðurr < gunnviðurr (noun m.)

[6] Viðurr: ‘viðuiður’ J1ˣ, undr 54, Bb

kennings

gunn-Viðurr
‘the battle-Viðurr ’
   = WARRIOR = Otto II

the battle-Viðurr → WARRIOR = Otto II
Close

sunnan ‘from the south’

sunnan (adv.): (from the) south

Close

ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[7] ok: of J1ˣ

Close

Vinða ‘Wends’

Vinðr (noun m.; °; vinðr/-ir): the Wends

[7] Vinða: víða F

Close

vágs ‘of the wave’

vágr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): sea, wave

kennings

vágs blakkriði
‘horse-rider of the wave’
   = SEAFARER = Hákon jarl

the horse of the wave → SHIP
the rider of the SHIP → SEAFARER = Hákon jarl
Close

vágs ‘of the wave’

vágr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): sea, wave

kennings

vágs blakkriði
‘horse-rider of the wave’
   = SEAFARER = Hákon jarl

the horse of the wave → SHIP
the rider of the SHIP → SEAFARER = Hákon jarl
Close

blakk ‘of the horse’

1. blakkr (noun m.): horse < blakkriði (noun m.)

kennings

vágs blakkriði
‘horse-rider of the wave’
   = SEAFARER = Hákon jarl

the horse of the wave → SHIP
the rider of the SHIP → SEAFARER = Hákon jarl
Close

blakk ‘of the horse’

1. blakkr (noun m.): horse < blakkriði (noun m.)

kennings

vágs blakkriði
‘horse-rider of the wave’
   = SEAFARER = Hákon jarl

the horse of the wave → SHIP
the rider of the SHIP → SEAFARER = Hákon jarl
Close

riði ‘the rider’

riði (noun m.) < blakkriði (noun m.)

kennings

vágs blakkriði
‘horse-rider of the wave’
   = SEAFARER = Hákon jarl

the horse of the wave → SHIP
the rider of the SHIP → SEAFARER = Hákon jarl
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Emperor Otto II and his forces arrive at the great defensive wall of the Danavirki (Danevirke), and a mighty battle ensues.

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