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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 20I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 20’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 307.

Einarr skálaglamm HelgasonVellekla
192021

lézk ‘declared himself’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

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valdr ‘The controller’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl
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val ‘of the battle-slain’

1. valr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ir): corpse, the slain < valmær (noun f.)

kennings

valmey;
‘the maiden of the battle-slain; ’
   = VALKYRIE = Hildr

the maiden of the battle-slain; → VALKYRIE = Hildr

notes

[2] valmey ‘the maiden of the battle-slain [VALKYRIE = Hildr (hildr “battle”)]’: This cpd is the object of heyja ‘wage, hold, carry out’, and the sense ‘battle’ is produced by ofljóst, since a famous valkyrie is Hildr, whose name is also a common noun meaning ‘battle’. See further Notes to Eyv Hál 7/2, ÞjóðA Mfl 8/5, 6II.

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mey ‘the maiden’

mær (noun f.; °meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar): maiden < valmær (noun f.)

kennings

valmey;
‘the maiden of the battle-slain; ’
   = VALKYRIE = Hildr

the maiden of the battle-slain; → VALKYRIE = Hildr

notes

[2] valmey ‘the maiden of the battle-slain [VALKYRIE = Hildr (hildr “battle”)]’: This cpd is the object of heyja ‘wage, hold, carry out’, and the sense ‘battle’ is produced by ofljóst, since a famous valkyrie is Hildr, whose name is also a common noun meaning ‘battle’. See further Notes to Eyv Hál 7/2, ÞjóðA Mfl 8/5, 6II.

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konungr ‘the king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

notes

[2] konungr ‘the king’: Ragnfrøðr Eiríksson. His designation as king is somewhat unexpected, but could be explained by his ambition for power (see Context to st. 18), his royal descent (as a grandson of Haraldr hárfagri), and the fact that he was holding several regions south of Trondheim (see Context to st. 21).

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haulda ‘of men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl

notes

[3] haulda ‘of men’: See Note to st. 10/5. — [3] morðs haulda ‘of the killing of men [BATTLE]’: For this unusual battle-kenning see Meissner 177.

Close

haulda ‘of men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl

notes

[3] haulda ‘of men’: See Note to st. 10/5. — [3] morðs haulda ‘of the killing of men [BATTLE]’: For this unusual battle-kenning see Meissner 177.

Close

haulda ‘of men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl

notes

[3] haulda ‘of men’: See Note to st. 10/5. — [3] morðs haulda ‘of the killing of men [BATTLE]’: For this unusual battle-kenning see Meissner 177.

Close

haulda ‘of men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl

notes

[3] haulda ‘of men’: See Note to st. 10/5. — [3] morðs haulda ‘of the killing of men [BATTLE]’: For this unusual battle-kenning see Meissner 177.

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morðs ‘of the killing’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle

[3] morðs: so FskAˣ, 52ˣ, 301ˣ, njǫrðr FskBˣ, 51ˣ, 302ˣ

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl

notes

[3] morðs haulda ‘of the killing of men [BATTLE]’: For this unusual battle-kenning see Meissner 177.

Close

morðs ‘of the killing’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle

[3] morðs: so FskAˣ, 52ˣ, 301ˣ, njǫrðr FskBˣ, 51ˣ, 302ˣ

kennings

Valdr morðs haulda
‘The controller of the killing of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon jarl

the killing of men → BATTLE
The controller of the BATTLE → RULER = Hákon jarl

notes

[3] morðs haulda ‘of the killing of men [BATTLE]’: For this unusual battle-kenning see Meissner 177.

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at ‘to’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[3] at: ok 51ˣ, 302ˣ, FskAˣ, 52ˣ, 301ˣ

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halda ‘hold’

halda (verb): hold, keep

notes

[3, 4] halda velli ‘hold the field’: The phrase is interpreted either as waiting for the opponent in battle formation (Konráð Gíslason 1895-7, I, 138) or holding the field, resisting (Skj B; LP: halda 2). Cf. also Eyv Hák 12/5.

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gram ‘the ruler’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

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velli ‘the field’

vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field

notes

[3, 4] halda velli ‘hold the field’: The phrase is interpreted either as waiting for the opponent in battle formation (Konráð Gíslason 1895-7, I, 138) or holding the field, resisting (Skj B; LP: halda 2). Cf. also Eyv Hák 12/5.

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See st. 19 above.

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