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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 16I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 16’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 304.

Einarr skálaglamm HelgasonVellekla
151617

Nú liggr allt und jarli
(ímunborðs) fyr norðan
(veðrgœðis stendr víða)
Vík (Hôkunar ríki).

Nú liggr allt fyr norðan Vík und jarli; ríki Hôkunar, {{{ímunborðs} veðr}gœðis}, stendr víða.

Now everything north of Viken lies under the jarl’s rule; the realm of Hákon, {the increaser {of the storm {of the battle-board}}} [(lit. ‘storm-increaser of the battle-board’) SHIELD > BATTLE > WARRIOR], stretches far and wide.

Mss: (140r), 39(5vb), F(23ra), J1ˣ(81v), J2ˣ(76v) (Hkr); 61(11ra-b), 53(9rb), 54(5ra), Bb(14vb-15ra), 62(3vb), Flat(11va) (ÓT); FskBˣ(22v), FskAˣ(87) (Fsk)

Readings: [1] und: ‘[…]’ 62;    jarli: ‘íalli’ Flat    [2] ímun‑: ‘innun‑’ J1ˣ    [3] veðr‑: vǫrðr‑ Flat;    ‑gœðis: ‑gœðir FskAˣ;    stendr: fremsk FskBˣ, ‘frains’ FskAˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 126, Skj BI, 120, Skald I, 67, NN §§1853B, 2240A; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 281, IV, 74, ÍF 26, 242, Hkr 1991, I, 161 (ÓTHkr ch. 16), F 1871, 105; Fms 1, 91; Fms 12, 34, ÓT 1958-2000, I, 98-9 (ch. 55), Flat 1860-8, I, 86; Fsk 1902-3, 79 (ch. 15), ÍF 29, 120 (ch. 17).

Context: In Hkr, sts 14-16 appear in an unbroken sequence. In ÓT, st. 16 immediately follows st. 14. Fsk also places this stanza after st. 14 and introduces it with a brief account of how Hákon jarl proceeds north and maintains the rule delegated to him by the Danish king, but no longer pays tribute to him and sets about harrying in Vík (Viken), which is under Danish rule. In Flat st. 16 immediately follows st. 13.

Notes:

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  8. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  9. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. Fsk 1902-3 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1902-3. Fagrskinna: Nóregs kononga tal. SUGNL 30. Copenhagen: Møller.
  11. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  12. ÓT 1958-2000 = Ólafur Halldórsson, ed. 1958-2000. Saga Óláfs Tryggvasonar en mesta. 3 vols. EA A 1-3. Copenhagen: Munksgaard (Reitzel).
  13. Internal references
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  16. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  17. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Greatest Saga of Óláfr Tryggvason / Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar in mesta (ÓT)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxiii-clxvi.
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