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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Run 7II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 556.

Einarr SkúlasonRunhenda

text and translation

Jók hilmir hjaldr
— þar vas hjǫrva galdr —
— hjósk hildar ský —
við Hvítabý.
Ríkt lék við rǫnn
— rauzk ylgjar tǫnn —
— fekksk fyrðum harmr —
fyriskógar Garmr.

Hilmir jók hjaldr við Hvítabý; þar vas {galdr hjǫrva}; {ský hildar} hjósk. {Garmr fyriskógar} lék ríkt við rǫnn; tǫnn ylgjar rauzk; harmr fekksk fyrðum.
‘The prince intensified the fighting at Whitby; there was a chant of swords [BATTLE] there; the cloud of battle [SHIELD] was cloven. The Garmr <mythical dog> of the fir-forest [FIRE] played powerfully against houses; the tooth of the she-wolf was reddened; grief was inflicted on people.

notes and context

As st. 6 above.

[3]: This l. could also be construed with l. 4, but that is less likely in view of the preference for two intercalary clauses in ll. 2 and 3, 6 and 7 displayed elsewhere in this poem (cf. the second helmingr of the current st., as well as sts 5 and 7). — [3-4]: In R, , and C, ll. 3-4 follow st. 6/1-2 above.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Einarr Skúlason, 7. Runhenda 7: AI, 474, BI, 446, Skald I, 220; Mork 1867, 226, Mork 1928-32, 444, Andersson and Gade 2000, 392, 495 (Hsona); ÍF 28, 328-9 (Hsona ch. 20), F 1871, 339, E 1916, 199; Fms 7, 236 (Hsona ch. 20); SnE 1848-87, I, 524-5, II, 608, SnE 1931, 184, SnE 1998, I, 104.


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