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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Run 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 554-5.

Einarr SkúlasonRunhenda

Frétt hefk, at fell
— folks brustu svell —
— jǫfurr eyddi frið —
Apardjónar lið.

Hefk frétt, at lið Apardjónar fell; {svell folks} brustu; jǫfurr eyddi frið.

I have heard that the troop of Aberdeen fell; {ice-sheets of battle} [SWORDS] shattered; the prince destroyed the peace.

Mss: Mork(35v) (Mork); Kˣ(659r), F(73va-b), E(57r), J2ˣ(356r), 42ˣ(47r) (Hkr); H(124r), Hr(81rb) (ll. 3-4) (H-Hr)

Readings: [2] folks: folk Kˣ, F, E, 42ˣ, H, Hr, folkit J2ˣ    [3] jǫfurr: fylkir Hr;    eyddi: ‘fell eyði’ E    [4] Apardjónar: ‘apardion’ E, ‘apardíanar’ H, ‘fadionar’ Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 473-4, Skj BI, 446, Skald I, 220; Mork 1867, 225, Mork 1928-32, 444, Andersson and Gade 2000, 391, 495 (Hsona); ÍF 28, 328 (Hsona ch. 20), F 1871, 339, E 1916, 199; Fms 7, 235 (Hsona ch. 20).

Context: Stanzas 5-9 document Eysteinn Haraldsson’s raids along the eastern coast of Scotland and England during the summer and autumn of 1151.

Notes: [All]: For a discussion of these raids, see Poole 1980, Taylor 1965 and Anderson 1922, II, 215-18. The only Engl. source to mention Eysteinn’s harrying along the Engl. coast is Reginald of Durham’s Libellus de admirandis Beati Cuthberti virtutibus quæ novellis patratæ sunt temporibus from the end of the C12th, which records Eysteinn’s descent on the priory of Lindisfarne (in Raine 1835, 65-6; see also Bull 1916, 6-7 and A. Taylor 1965, 130-1). — [2] svell folks ‘ice-sheets of battle [SWORDS]’: The variant given in Hkr (, F, E, 42ˣ) and H-Hr requires a split cpd folksvell ‘battle-ice-sheets’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  8. Anderson, Alan Orr. 1922. Early Sources of Scottish History A.D. 500 to 1286. 2 vols. Edinburgh and London: Oliver and Boyd.
  9. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  10. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  11. Poole, Russell. 1980. ‘In Search of the Partar’. SS 52, 264-77.
  12. Taylor, A. B. 1965. ‘Eysteinn Haraldsson in the West, c. 1151: Oral Traditions and Written Record’. In Small 1965, 119-34.
  13. Bull, Edvard. 1916. ‘Den pavelige legat Stephanus i Norge (1163)’. Skrifter utgit av videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania 1915, II. Hist.-Filol. Kl., 1-18. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  14. Internal references
  15. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  16. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

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