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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Run 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 554-5.

Einarr SkúlasonRunhenda
456

hefk ‘I have’

hafa (verb): have

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folks ‘of battle’

folk (noun n.): people

[2] folks: folk Kˣ, F, E, 42ˣ, H, Hr, folkit J2ˣ

kennings

svell folks
‘ice-sheets of battle ’
   = SWORDS

ice-sheets of battle → SWORDS

notes

[2] svell folks ‘ice-sheets of battle [SWORDS]’: The variant given in Hkr (, F, E, 42ˣ) and H-Hr requires a split cpd folksvell ‘battle-ice-sheets’.

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svell ‘ice-sheets’

svell (noun n.; °; -): ice

kennings

svell folks
‘ice-sheets of battle ’
   = SWORDS

ice-sheets of battle → SWORDS

notes

[2] svell folks ‘ice-sheets of battle [SWORDS]’: The variant given in Hkr (, F, E, 42ˣ) and H-Hr requires a split cpd folksvell ‘battle-ice-sheets’.

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jǫfurr ‘the prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[3] jǫfurr: fylkir Hr

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eyddi ‘destroyed’

2. eyða (verb; °-dd-): destroy

[3] eyddi: ‘fell eyði’ E

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frið ‘the peace’

friðr (noun m.): peace

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Apardjónar ‘of Aberdeen’

Apardjón (noun f.): [Aberdeen]

[4] Apardjónar: ‘apardion’ E, ‘apardíanar’ H, ‘fadionar’ Hr

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Stanzas 5-9 document Eysteinn Haraldsson’s raids along the eastern coast of Scotland and England during the summer and autumn of 1151.

For a discussion of these raids, see Poole 1980, Taylor 1965 and Anderson 1922, II, 215-18. The only Engl. source to mention Eysteinn’s harrying along the Engl. coast is Reginald of Durham’s Libellus de admirandis Beati Cuthberti virtutibus quæ novellis patratæ sunt temporibus from the end of the C12th, which records Eysteinn’s descent on the priory of Lindisfarne (in Raine 1835, 65-6; see also Bull 1916, 6-7 and A. Taylor 1965, 130-1).

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