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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Øxfl 7III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Øxarflokkr 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 147.

Einarr SkúlasonØxarflokkr
678

Blóð ‘of the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðeisa (noun f.): [blood-ember]

[1] Blóðeisu: ‘blóþ[…]’ U

kennings

blóðeisu;
‘of the blood-ember; ’
   = AXE

the blood-ember; → AXE

notes

[1] blóðeisu ‘of the blood-ember [AXE]’: This could also be a kenning for ‘sword’ (see Introduction above). If so, its ‘crag’ (bjargs, l. 2) would be the hilt rather than the axe-head. ‘Crag’ is not part of the kenning here, rather, it is a metaphor which belongs to the imagery of snow and fire lying on the sides of the axe-head.

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eisu ‘ember’

1. eisa (noun f.; °; -ur): flame, ember < blóðeisa (noun f.): [blood-ember]

[1] Blóðeisu: ‘blóþ[…]’ U

kennings

blóðeisu;
‘of the blood-ember; ’
   = AXE

the blood-ember; → AXE

notes

[1] blóðeisu ‘of the blood-ember [AXE]’: This could also be a kenning for ‘sword’ (see Introduction above). If so, its ‘crag’ (bjargs, l. 2) would be the hilt rather than the axe-head. ‘Crag’ is not part of the kenning here, rather, it is a metaphor which belongs to the imagery of snow and fire lying on the sides of the axe-head.

Close

liggr ‘lie’

liggja (verb): lie

[1] liggr: ‘[…]ggr’ U, gefr C

notes

[1] liggr (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic.) ‘lie’: Lit. ‘lies’. The subject is coordinate and the verb in the sg. (see NS §70).

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bjargs ‘of the crag’

bjarg (noun n.; °-s; *-): mountain, cliff

[2] bjargs: bergs U, ‘biags’ A, brags B, bjarg C, ‘braugs’ 2368ˣ, ‘biaugz’ 743ˣ

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tveim ‘on the two’

tveir (num. cardinal): two

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geima ‘of the sea’

geimi (noun m.): ocean

kennings

eldr geima
‘fire of the sea ’
   = GOLD

fire of the sea → GOLD
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sjóðs ‘of the purse’

sjóðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): purse

kennings

snær sjóðs
‘snow of the purse ’
   = SILVER

snow of the purse → SILVER
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søkkva ‘of enemies’

søkkvi (noun m.; °-a): queller, enemy

[3] søkkva: støkkva B

kennings

stríði søkkva.
‘the fighter of enemies. ’
   = WARRIOR

the fighter of enemies. → WARRIOR

notes

[3] stríði søkkva ‘the fighter of enemies [WARRIOR]’: Kock (NN §1783C) suggests that søkkva is gen. pl. of a n. noun søkk ‘gold, treasure’ (cf. OE, OS sinc ‘treasure’; also AEW: søkk). See Notes to Eyv Hál 1/10I, Eyv Lv 4/5I and Ótt Knútdr 11/1I. If so, stríði søkkva would be rendered ‘fighter of treasures,’ i.e. ‘generous man’. However, the warrior-kenning is echoed in st. 8/7 below (fellir folka ‘feller of armies’).

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stríði ‘the fighter’

stríðir (noun m.): opponent, fighter

[3] stríði: ‘striþ[…]’ U

kennings

stríði søkkva.
‘the fighter of enemies. ’
   = WARRIOR

the fighter of enemies. → WARRIOR

notes

[3] stríði søkkva ‘the fighter of enemies [WARRIOR]’: Kock (NN §1783C) suggests that søkkva is gen. pl. of a n. noun søkk ‘gold, treasure’ (cf. OE, OS sinc ‘treasure’; also AEW: søkk). See Notes to Eyv Hál 1/10I, Eyv Lv 4/5I and Ótt Knútdr 11/1I. If so, stríði søkkva would be rendered ‘fighter of treasures,’ i.e. ‘generous man’. However, the warrior-kenning is echoed in st. 8/7 below (fellir folka ‘feller of armies’).

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snær ‘snow’

snjór (noun m.): snow

[4] snær: ‘[…]nær’ U

kennings

snær sjóðs
‘snow of the purse ’
   = SILVER

snow of the purse → SILVER
Close

eldr ‘fire’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

[4] eldr: ‘e[…]dr’ U

kennings

eldr geima
‘fire of the sea ’
   = GOLD

fire of the sea → GOLD
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mæra ‘praise’

mæra (verb): praise

[4] mæra: næra 2368ˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The half-stanza is recorded among several stanzas illustrating kennings for ‘gold’ (eldr geima ‘fire of the sea’) and ‘silver’ (snær sjóðs ‘snow of the purse’) in Skm (and LaufE).

The poet is named Einarr Skúlason in all mss.

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