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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Øxfl 4III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Øxarflokkr 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 144.

Einarr SkúlasonØxarflokkr

text and translation

Nýt buðumk (Njarðar dóttur)
(nálægt vas þat -skála)
(vel of hrósak því) vísa
vǫrn (sævar ǫl-) (barni).

Nýt buðumk vísa vǫrn; þat vas nálægt ǫlskála sævar; of hrósak {því barni {dóttur Njarðar}} vel.
‘The useful one offered me secure protection; that was close to the ale-hall by the sea; I truly praise that child of Njǫrðr’s <god’s> daughter [= Freyja > = Hnoss (hnoss ‘treasure’)].

notes and context

Dóttir Njarðar ‘Njǫrðr’s daughter’ is given in Skm as a kenning for the goddess Freyja.

It is tempting to connect the helmingr with the events of 1155 described in Einarr’s Ingadrápa (ESk Ingdr 2-4II), when King Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’ Haraldsson was attacked and killed while drinking in the ale-house of Sigríðr sæta ‘Grass-widow’ near the bay of Bergen, Norway. Einarr was an eyewitness to that attack (see ÍF 24, 231-6, ÍF 28, 340-1, ÍF 29, 336-7 and the map in ÍF 29, 324). — The word order of this stanza is very convoluted and the present edn attempts to make sense of the text without resorting to emendation. — This helmingr follows st. 3 above, and it is thus implicitly attributed to Einarr: Ok enn svá ‘And again thus’ (see Note to st. 3 [All]). — [3]: For this line, see also Kolli Ingdr 5/3II.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Einarr Skúlason, 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 4: AI, 478, BI, 450, Skald I, 221, NN §§2057B, 2509, 2902F; SnE 1848-87, I, 348-9, II, 320, III, 57, SnE 1931, 126, SnE 1998, I, 44.


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