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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Øxfl 3III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Øxarflokkr 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 143.

Einarr SkúlasonØxarflokkr

text and translation

Hróðrbarni knák Hǫrnar
— hlutum dýran grip — stýra
(brandr þrymr gjalfrs á grandi)
gollvífiðu (hlífar).
Sáðs (berr sínar móður)
svans unni mér gunnar
fóstrgœðandi Fróða
(Freys nipt bráa driptir).

Knák stýra {gollvífiðu hróðrbarni Hǫrnar}; hlutum dýran grip; {brandr gjalfrs} þrymr á {grandi hlífar}. {Fóstrgœðandi {svans gunnar}} unni mér {sáðs Fróða}; {nipt Freys} berr {{driptir bráa} móður sínar}.
‘I possess the gold-wrapped glory-child of Hǫrn <= Freyja> [= Hnoss (hnoss ‘treasure’)]; we [I] received a precious treasure; fire of the surge [GOLD] rests on the harm of the shield [AXE/SWORD]. The provisions-increaser of the swan of battle [RAVEN/EAGLE > WARRIOR] gave me Fróði’s <legendary king’s> seed [GOLD]; Freyr’s <god’s> niece [= Hnoss (hnoss ‘treasure’)] bears the rain of eyelashes [TEARS] of her mother <= Freyja> [GOLD].

notes and context

The stanza is given in Skm after st. 2 above to illustrate that the goddess Freyja could be referred to as móðir Hnossar ‘the mother of Hnoss’. In LaufE l. 8 is found in a section with kennings for ‘gold’, where Freyja’s tears are ‘gold’ (see Note to l. 8 below).

In Skm the stanza is separated from st. 2 by Ok enn svá ‘And again thus’, and in LaufE l. 8 is attributed to Einarr Skúlason. — [5-8]: For Freyja weeping tears of gold, see Note to st. 1/1-4 above.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Einarr Skúlason, 11. Øxarflokkr(?) 3: AI, 478, BI, 450, Skald I, 221, NN §956; SnE 1848-87, I, 348-9, III, 57, SnE 1931, 125, SnE 1998, I, 44; LaufE 1979, 346.


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