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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Ingdr 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Ingadrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 562-3.

Einarr SkúlasonIngadrápa
12

við ‘near’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[1] við Holm at: ‘við [...]olm at’ U, ‘[...]’ B, ‘uið holm at’ 744ˣ

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Holm ‘Holm’

holmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): island, islet

[1] við Holm at: ‘við [...]olm at’ U, ‘[...]’ B, ‘uið holm at’ 744ˣ

notes

[1, 3] Holm inn grána ‘Holmengrå’: An island in Hvaler, off the western coast of present-day Sweden. The battle of Holmengrå, fought by the allies Sigurðr slembidjákn ‘Fortuitous-deacon’ (?) Magnússon and Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson against the troops of Ingi and Sigurðr Haraldssynir, took place on 12 November 1139. See also Ív Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr, and Kolli Ingdr 4-5.

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at ‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

[1] við Holm at: ‘við [...]olm at’ U, ‘[...]’ B, ‘uið holm at’ 744ˣ

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heyja ‘hold’

2. heyja (verb): fight, wage (battle)

[1] heyja: ‘h[...]yia’ U, ‘[...]’ B

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hildinga* ‘the rulers’

hildingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

[2] hildinga*: hildingar R, Tˣ, U, A, 744ˣ, C, ‘[...]illdingar’ B

notes

[2] hildinga* gingu framm (m. acc. pl) ‘the rulers advanced’: Emended, with earlier eds, from hildingar (m. nom. pl.) ‘the rulers’, because it is part of an acc. with inf. construction (gingu lit. ‘went’ is past inf.). It appears that Einarr, like Kolli and Balti, had scant knowledge of this battle, which was fought at sea. Ingi was three years old when the battle took place, and could hardly have advanced with his five-year-old brother, Sigurðr, ‘to hold a spear-assembly’ (at heyja geirþing, ll. 1, 4) with his enemies. See Note to Balti Sigdr 1/5, 8.

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framm ‘’

fram (adv.): out, forth, forwards, away

notes

[2] hildinga* gingu framm (m. acc. pl) ‘the rulers advanced’: Emended, with earlier eds, from hildingar (m. nom. pl.) ‘the rulers’, because it is part of an acc. with inf. construction (gingu lit. ‘went’ is past inf.). It appears that Einarr, like Kolli and Balti, had scant knowledge of this battle, which was fought at sea. Ingi was three years old when the battle took place, and could hardly have advanced with his five-year-old brother, Sigurðr, ‘to hold a spear-assembly’ (at heyja geirþing, ll. 1, 4) with his enemies. See Note to Balti Sigdr 1/5, 8.

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gingu ‘advanced’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

notes

[2] hildinga* gingu framm (m. acc. pl) ‘the rulers advanced’: Emended, with earlier eds, from hildingar (m. nom. pl.) ‘the rulers’, because it is part of an acc. with inf. construction (gingu lit. ‘went’ is past inf.). It appears that Einarr, like Kolli and Balti, had scant knowledge of this battle, which was fought at sea. Ingi was three years old when the battle took place, and could hardly have advanced with his five-year-old brother, Sigurðr, ‘to hold a spear-assembly’ (at heyja geirþing, ll. 1, 4) with his enemies. See Note to Balti Sigdr 1/5, 8.

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lind ‘linden-shield’

1. lind (noun f.): linden-shield, linden tree

notes

[3] grœn lind ‘the green linden-shield’: For shields painted green, see Falk 1914, 147.

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grœn ‘the green’

2. grœnn (adj.; °superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr): green

notes

[3] grœn lind ‘the green linden-shield’: For shields painted green, see Falk 1914, 147.

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inn ‘en’

2. inn (art.): the

[3] inn grána: margna Tˣ, ‘hin [...]’ B, ‘hin grunna’ 744ˣ

notes

[1, 3] Holm inn grána ‘Holmengrå’: An island in Hvaler, off the western coast of present-day Sweden. The battle of Holmengrå, fought by the allies Sigurðr slembidjákn ‘Fortuitous-deacon’ (?) Magnússon and Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson against the troops of Ingi and Sigurðr Haraldssynir, took place on 12 November 1139. See also Ív Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr, and Kolli Ingdr 4-5.

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grána ‘grå’

gránn (adj.): grey

[3] inn grána: margna Tˣ, ‘hin [...]’ B, ‘hin grunna’ 744ˣ

notes

[1, 3] Holm inn grána ‘Holmengrå’: An island in Hvaler, off the western coast of present-day Sweden. The battle of Holmengrå, fought by the allies Sigurðr slembidjákn ‘Fortuitous-deacon’ (?) Magnússon and Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson against the troops of Ingi and Sigurðr Haraldssynir, took place on 12 November 1139. See also Ív Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr, and Kolli Ingdr 4-5.

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geir ‘a spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirþing (noun n.): spear-assembly

kennings

geirþing;
‘a spear-assembly; ’
   = BATTLE

a spear-assembly; → BATTLE
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þing ‘assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly < geirþing (noun n.): spear-assembly

[4] ‑þing: so U, A, B, ‑þings R, C, ‘‑ding’ Tˣ

kennings

geirþing;
‘a spear-assembly; ’
   = BATTLE

a spear-assembly; → BATTLE
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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[4] í tvau springa: ‘vam[...]inga’ U

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tvau ‘two’

tveir (num. cardinal): two

[4] í tvau springa: ‘vam[...]inga’ U

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springa ‘to split’

springa (verb): burst, spring apart

[4] í tvau springa: ‘vam[...]inga’ U

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Hildingr is given in Skm as a heiti for ‘ruler’.

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