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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 55VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 55’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 51-2.

Einarr SkúlasonGeisli

text and translation

Vas, sem reyk (af ríki
regn dreif stáls) í gegnum
hjalm-Njǫrðungum, harðan,
heiðingja lið, gingi.
Halft fimta vann heimtan
hundrað, brimi*s sunda,
nýztan tír, þars nœra,
Norðmanna, val þorðu.

Lið heiðingja vas {hjalm-Njǫrðungum}, sem gingi harðan í gegnum reyk; {regn stáls} dreif af ríki. Halft fimta hundrað Norðmanna vann heimtan nýztan tír, þars þorðu nœra {val {sunda brimi*s}}.
‘The host of heathens was to the helmet-Nirðir <gods> [WARRIORS] as if they were going hard through smoke; the rain of steel [BATTLE] drove mightily. Four and a half hundreds of Norwegians laid claim to very useful honour, where they dared to feed the falcon of the bays of the sword [BLOOD > RAVEN].

notes and context

[1-4]: The syntax is awkward, whichever ms. is adopted as base. Here Flat’s l. 1 has been deemed syntactically impossible, and Bb has been followed for ll. 1-4.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Einarr Skúlason, 6. Geisli 55: AI, 469, BI, 441, Skald I, 217, NN §946; Flat 1860-8, I, 6, Cederschiöld 1873, 8, Chase 2005, 105, 159-60.


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