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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 38VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 38’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 39.

Einarr SkúlasonGeisli
373839

hefk ‘I have’

hafa (verb): have

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‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

kennings

sá stríðir malma
‘that enemy of weapons ’
   = WARRIOR = Kolbeinn

that enemy of weapons → WARRIOR = Kolbeinn
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malma ‘of weapons’

malmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): metal

kennings

sá stríðir malma
‘that enemy of weapons ’
   = WARRIOR = Kolbeinn

that enemy of weapons → WARRIOR = Kolbeinn

notes

[2] stríðir malma ‘enemy of weapons’: The kenning formula ‘enemy of weapons’ was used in Viking Age poetry to designate warriors (who break weapons in battle). It seems out of place here, and Einarr may be playing on the meaning of the words: stríðir malma can be interpreted literally to signify an enemy of strife, a peaceful Christian man.

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stríðir ‘enemy’

stríðir (noun m.): opponent, fighter

kennings

sá stríðir malma
‘that enemy of weapons ’
   = WARRIOR = Kolbeinn

that enemy of weapons → WARRIOR = Kolbeinn

notes

[2] stríðir malma ‘enemy of weapons’: The kenning formula ‘enemy of weapons’ was used in Viking Age poetry to designate warriors (who break weapons in battle). It seems out of place here, and Einarr may be playing on the meaning of the words: stríðir malma can be interpreted literally to signify an enemy of strife, a peaceful Christian man.

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gefr ‘gives’

gefa (verb): give

Close

harm ‘of the harm’

1. harmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): sorrow, grief < harmskerðandi (noun m.)

[4] harmskerðanda: so Bb, ‘hardskerdand[...]’ Flat

kennings

harmskerðanda,
‘of the harm-diminisher, ’
   = SAINT = Óláfr

the harm-diminisher, → SAINT = Óláfr

notes

[4] harmskerðanda (gen. sg.) ‘of the harm-diminisher’: The Bb version of this hap. leg. must be the correct reading. Flat reads ‘harskerdand[…]’ (the final letter in doubt, probably either ‘a’ or ‘i’), which is nonsense in context. ‘Harm-diminisher’ emphasises the image of Óláfr expressed by the stef, and is analogous to fárskerðandi ‘misfortune-diminisher’ in 63/7.

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skerðanda ‘diminisher’

skerðandi (noun m.): diminisher < harmskerðandi (noun m.)

[4] harmskerðanda: so Bb, ‘hardskerdand[...]’ Flat

kennings

harmskerðanda,
‘of the harm-diminisher, ’
   = SAINT = Óláfr

the harm-diminisher, → SAINT = Óláfr

notes

[4] harmskerðanda (gen. sg.) ‘of the harm-diminisher’: The Bb version of this hap. leg. must be the correct reading. Flat reads ‘harskerdand[…]’ (the final letter in doubt, probably either ‘a’ or ‘i’), which is nonsense in context. ‘Harm-diminisher’ emphasises the image of Óláfr expressed by the stef, and is analogous to fárskerðandi ‘misfortune-diminisher’ in 63/7.

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Hér ‘Here’

hér (adv.): here

Close

snáka ‘snake’

snákr (noun m.): snake

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

snáka ‘snake’

snákr (noun m.): snake

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

vangs ‘of the field’

1. vangr (noun m.): field, plain

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

vangs ‘of the field’

1. vangr (noun m.): field, plain

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

of ‘about’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[7] of: ok Bb

Close

sløngvi ‘the distributor’

sløngvir (noun m.): slinger

[7] sløngvi: ‘slavnge’ Bb

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

slungins ‘of the coiled’

slunginn (adj./verb p.p.): encircled, coiled

[8] slungins: so Bb, slungin Flat

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

slungins ‘of the coiled’

slunginn (adj./verb p.p.): encircled, coiled

[8] slungins: so Bb, slungin Flat

kennings

sløngvi vangs slungins snáka.
‘the distributor of the field of the coiled snake.’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the field of the coiled snake. → GOLD
the distributor of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

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