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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 22VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 22’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 25.

Einarr SkúlasonGeisli
212223

Drótt ‘The retainers’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

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hans ‘of his’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[4] hans: hárs Bb

notes

[4] hans batnaðar ‘of his improvement’: Both Skj B and Skald adopt an emended form of Bb’s ‘hars’ here instead of Flat’s hans, viz. hs batnaðr, giving the sense ‘hope of high improvement [salvation] gladdens the soul’.

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batnaðar ‘improvement’

batnaðr (noun m.): atonement, improvement

notes

[4] hans batnaðar ‘of his improvement’: Both Skj B and Skald adopt an emended form of Bb’s ‘hars’ here instead of Flat’s hans, viz. hs batnaðr, giving the sense ‘hope of high improvement [salvation] gladdens the soul’.

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Satts ‘It is true’

2. sannr (adj.; °-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): true

[5] Satts (‘satt er’): so Bb, satt var Flat

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Sygna ‘of the Sygnir’

Sygnir (noun m.; °; -ir): the Sygnir

kennings

dróttin* Sygna,
‘the lord of the Sygnir, ’
   = Óláfr

the lord of the Sygnir, → Óláfr
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dróttin* ‘the lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[5] dróttin*: dróttins Flat, dróttinn Bb

kennings

dróttin* Sygna,
‘the lord of the Sygnir, ’
   = Óláfr

the lord of the Sygnir, → Óláfr

notes

[5] dróttin* (acc. sg.) ‘the lord’: A slight emendation to Bb’s reading makes better sense than Flat’s dróttins. While it is possible to produce sense from the latter (see Chase 2005, 143 for possible readings), they are strained and involve considerable syntactic fragmentation.

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særendr ‘the wounders’

særandi (noun m.): [wounder, wounders]

kennings

særendr hrings
‘the wounders of the ring ’
   = GENEROUS MEN

the wounders of the ring → GENEROUS MEN
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hrings ‘of the ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

kennings

særendr hrings
‘the wounders of the ring ’
   = GENEROUS MEN

the wounders of the ring → GENEROUS MEN
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megu ‘can’

mega (verb): may, might

[7] megu: skulu Bb

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grǫf ‘the grave’

grǫf (noun f.): grave

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Sts 22-4 relate the miracle of a blind man who regains his sight by smearing some of the bloody water used to wash Óláfr’s body on his eyes; for analogues, see Chase 2005, 37-8.

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