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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 14VII

Tarrin Wills and Stefanie Gropper (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Hugsvinnsmál 14’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 369.

Anonymous PoemsHugsvinnsmál
131415

text and translation

Ókunna menn        né ölmosur
        skaltu eigi at hlátri hafa,
þótt fornmannligir        fyrðar sé;
þolinmóðr þú vert,        ok bregð eigi af þeim lögum,
        sem sjálfr settir þú.

Skaltu eigi hafa ókunna menn né ölmosur at hlátri, þótt sé fornmannligir fyrðar; vert þú þolinmóðr, ok bregð eigi af þeim lögum, sem þú settir sjálfr.
 
‘You must not make a laughing stock of unknown men or beggars, even though they are old-fashioned men; be patient and do not break the rules that you yourself made.

notes and context

Lat. parallels: (sent. 47) minorem ne contempseris ‘do not despise your inferior’; (sent. 52) miserum noli inridere ‘do not ridicule the poor’; (sent. 46 variant) patienter vince minorem necque contempseris ‘with patience overcome an inferior but do not despise [him]’; (sent. 49) patere legem quam ipse tuleris ‘keep the law you made yourself’. — [4-8]: The st. has eight ll. rather than the normal six, and no ms. version of ll. 4-5 corresponds with the Lat. text. Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) removes these ll. and renders the remaining three: þolinmóðr ver, | bregðat af þeim lǫgum, | er þú settir sjálfr ‘be patient, do not break the rules you yourself made’.

readings

sources

Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], [C. E/5]. Hugsvinnsmál 14: AII, 170-1, BII, 188, Skald II, 98; Hallgrímur Scheving 1831, 9, Gering 1907, 4, Tuvestrand 1977, 78, Hermann Pálsson 1985, 33.

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