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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bkrepp Magndr 8II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bjǫrn krepphendi, Magnússdrápa 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 401-2.

Bjǫrn krepphendiMagnússdrápa
789

Vítt ‘far and wide’

víðr (adj.): far

[1] Vítt: Vítr F

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snarr ‘The swift’

snarr (adj.): gallant, bold

[1] snarr: so Mork, H, Hr, snjallr Kˣ, 39, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, snart F

notes

[1] snarr ‘swift’: The Hkr variant snjallr ‘courageous’ is possible, but was likely caused by snjallr in st. 9/4 below. The fact that H and Hr have the same variant as Mork (cf. F: ‘snart’), indicates that H-Hr follows the poetic text of the Mork redaction at this point, and the stemma has been changed accordingly.

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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[1] á: of F

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Sandey ‘Sanda’

Sandey (noun f.): [Sanda]

notes

[2] Sandey ‘Sanda’: Sanda is a small island south of Kintyre, and Fidjestøl points out that the redactors of both Mork and Hkr appear to have identified it with Iona, which occurs in its place in the prose texts (Fidjestøl 1982, 151; see also Jesch 1996, 120 and n. 8). But all versions (including Fsk) state explicitly that Magnús did not harry in Iona (Eyin helga ‘the Holy Island’) (see Mork 1928-32, 317; ÍF 28, 220; Fms 7, 42; ÍF 29, 307), which is difficult to reconcile with the ‘carrying of shields’ mentioned in the st. See also Power 1986, 118 n. 3.

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rauk ‘smoke drifted’

rjúka (verb): smoke, reek

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þás ‘when’

2. þá (adv.): then

[3] þás (‘þa er’): þar er Mork, F

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allvalds ‘the mighty ruler’s’

allvaldr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): mighty ruler

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brennur ‘the fires’

1. brenna (noun f.; °-u; -ur): fire, burning

[4] brennur: brennu 42ˣ

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Grœtti ‘grieved’

grœða (verb): heal

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Gren ‘of Gren’

gren (noun n.; °; -): gren < Grenland (noun n.)

[5] Gren‑: so 39, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Mork, F, H, Hr, grøn‑ Kˣ, ‘grænd‑’ E

kennings

Dróttinn Grenlands
‘The lord of Grenland ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The lord of Grenland → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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lands ‘land’

land (noun n.; °-s; *-): land < Grenland (noun n.)

kennings

Dróttinn Grenlands
‘The lord of Grenland ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The lord of Grenland → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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dróttinn ‘The lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

Dróttinn Grenlands
‘The lord of Grenland ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The lord of Grenland → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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gekk ‘was’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

notes

[6] gekk hôtt ‘was superior’: Lit. ‘went high’. For this meaning, see LP: ganga 13.

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hôtt ‘superior’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

notes

[6] gekk hôtt ‘was superior’: Lit. ‘went high’. For this meaning, see LP: ganga 13.

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Skota ‘of the Scots’

Skotr (noun m.): Scot

[6] Skota: so E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Mork, F, H, Hr, fira Kˣ, 39

kennings

støkkvir Skota
‘the banisher of the Scots ’
   = Magnús

the banisher of the Scots → Magnús
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støkkvir ‘the banisher’

støkkvir (noun m.): dispenser, flinger

[6] støkkvir: so 39, Mork, F, H, stokkum Kˣ, søkkvir E, J2ˣ, ‘sokkum’ 42ˣ, ‘soknir’ Hr

kennings

støkkvir Skota
‘the banisher of the Scots ’
   = Magnús

the banisher of the Scots → Magnús

notes

[6] støkkvir ‘banisher’: Skj B emends to stekkvir to preserve the full rhyme (gekk : stekkvir). However, there are no variant forms of this word with -e- (see ANG §494 Anm.). The stem vowel is a result of w-umlaut of æ (see ANG §82.6).

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mýlsk ‘of Mull’

[7] mýlsk: ‘mylks’ E, ‘mvlsk’ Mork

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til ‘until’

til (prep.): to

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suðr ‘south’

2. suðr (adv.): south, in the south

notes

[8] suðr í eyjum ‘south in the isles’: The variant suðr í eyjar ‘south to the isles’ (so J2ˣ, E, 42ˣ, Mork) is possible, but would require the prepositional phrase to be taken with the preceding cl.: mýlsk þjóð rann til mœði suðr í eyjar ‘the people of Mull fled until exhaustion south to the isles’ (ll. 7, 8). The ms. witnesses indicate this is an independent variant, and the reading suðr í eyjum is preferable from the point of view of w. o. and context (there is no mention of the people of Mull fleeing south).

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[8] suðr í eyjum ‘south in the isles’: The variant suðr í eyjar ‘south to the isles’ (so J2ˣ, E, 42ˣ, Mork) is possible, but would require the prepositional phrase to be taken with the preceding cl.: mýlsk þjóð rann til mœði suðr í eyjar ‘the people of Mull fled until exhaustion south to the isles’ (ll. 7, 8). The ms. witnesses indicate this is an independent variant, and the reading suðr í eyjum is preferable from the point of view of w. o. and context (there is no mention of the people of Mull fleeing south).

Close

eyjum ‘the isles’

1. ey (noun f.; °-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar): island

[8] eyjum: eyjar E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Mork

notes

[8] suðr í eyjum ‘south in the isles’: The variant suðr í eyjar ‘south to the isles’ (so J2ˣ, E, 42ˣ, Mork) is possible, but would require the prepositional phrase to be taken with the preceding cl.: mýlsk þjóð rann til mœði suðr í eyjar ‘the people of Mull fled until exhaustion south to the isles’ (ll. 7, 8). The ms. witnesses indicate this is an independent variant, and the reading suðr í eyjum is preferable from the point of view of w. o. and context (there is no mention of the people of Mull fleeing south).

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As sts 5-7 above.

In Hkr and H-Hr the name of the poet is given and the two helmingar are assigned to different sts: ll. 1-4 precede st. 9 below and ll. 5-8 follow st. 6 above. In Mork and F the st. is given as one unit.

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