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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bkrepp Magndr 3II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bjǫrn krepphendi, Magnússdrápa 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 398-9.

Bjǫrn krepphendiMagnússdrápa
234

Hrafn ‘The raven-’

hrafn (noun m.; °hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar): raven < hrafngreddir (noun m.): [raven-feeder]

[1] Hrafn‑: Hraun‑ Hr

kennings

Hrafngreddir,
‘The raven-feeder, ’
   = WARRIOR

The raven-feeder, → WARRIOR
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greddir ‘feeder’

greddir (noun m.): feeder < hrafngreddir (noun m.): [raven-feeder]

[1] ‑greddir: ‘græþir’ 39, ‘giæðir’ H, Hr

kennings

Hrafngreddir,
‘The raven-feeder, ’
   = WARRIOR

The raven-feeder, → WARRIOR
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vann ‘’

2. vinna (verb): perform, work

[1] vann: nam H, Hr

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hrædda ‘frightened’

3. hræða (verb): fear, be afraid

[1] hrædda: hræða 39, H, Hr

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hlífar ‘protection’

hlíf (noun f.; °-ar; -ar): shield, defence

[2] hlífar: hlífðar J2ˣ, 42ˣ

Close

styggr ‘shy of’

styggr (adj.): shy

[2] styggr: stygðr E

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[2] í byggðum ‘in the settlements’: Skj B takes this prepositional phrase with the second, subordinate cl., but the present cl. arrangement is preferable from the point of view of w. o. (see also NN §806).

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byggðum ‘the settlements’

byggð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): dwelling, settlement

notes

[2] í byggðum ‘in the settlements’: Skj B takes this prepositional phrase with the second, subordinate cl., but the present cl. arrangement is preferable from the point of view of w. o. (see also NN §806).

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drótt ‘from Trøndelag’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

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markar ‘of the forest’

2. mǫrk (noun f.; °merkr; merkr): forest

kennings

bǫl markar
‘the harm of the forest ’
   = FIRE

the harm of the forest → FIRE
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bǫl ‘the harm’

bǫl (noun n.; °-s, dat. bǫlvi): evil

kennings

bǫl markar
‘the harm of the forest ’
   = FIRE

the harm of the forest → FIRE
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sveima ‘was raging’

sveima (verb): surge

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hersahersar

hersir (noun m.; °-is; -ar): cheiftan

[5] hersa: hann sá J2ˣ, 42ˣ

notes

[5, 6] aldri tveggja hersa ‘the lives of two hersar’: These two chieftains were Steigar-Þórir and Egill, who were hanged by Magnús (see Note to st. 2 [All]).

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tveggja ‘of two’

tveir (num. cardinal): two

notes

[5, 6] aldri tveggja hersa ‘the lives of two hersar’: These two chieftains were Steigar-Þórir and Egill, who were hanged by Magnús (see Note to st. 2 [All]).

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her ‘the army’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < herbaldr (noun m.)

kennings

her-Baldr
‘the army-Baldr ’
   = WARRIOR

the army-Baldr → WARRIOR
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Baldr ‘Baldr’

Baldr (noun m.): [Baldr, Baldur] < herbaldr (noun m.)

kennings

her-Baldr
‘the army-Baldr ’
   = WARRIOR

the army-Baldr → WARRIOR
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lyki ‘ended’

1. lúka (verb): end, close

[6] lyki: so 39, E, H, Hr, lýkz Kˣ, luki J2ˣ, 42ˣ

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aldri ‘the lives’

aldri (adv.): never

notes

[5, 6] aldri tveggja hersa ‘the lives of two hersar’: These two chieftains were Steigar-Þórir and Egill, who were hanged by Magnús (see Note to st. 2 [All]).

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sinn ‘simultaneously’

2. sinn (noun n.; °?dat. -): time

[7] sinn jór vasa (‘sinn iór vara’): sinn jór E, jór vara underlined and ‘jorsnara’ given in the margin in the same hand J2ˣ, ‘sinn iorsnara’ 42ˣ, ‘synðr or varara’ H, ‘syndur or vara’ Hr

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jór ‘the horse’

jór (noun m.): stallion, steed

[7] sinn jór vasa (‘sinn iór vara’): sinn jór E, jór vara underlined and ‘jorsnara’ given in the margin in the same hand J2ˣ, ‘sinn iorsnara’ 42ˣ, ‘synðr or varara’ H, ‘syndur or vara’ Hr

kennings

jór svôru
‘the horse of the troll-woman ’
   = WOLF

the horse of the troll-woman → WOLF
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vasa ‘was not’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[7] sinn jór vasa (‘sinn iór vara’): sinn jór E, jór vara underlined and ‘jorsnara’ given in the margin in the same hand J2ˣ, ‘sinn iorsnara’ 42ˣ, ‘synðr or varara’ H, ‘syndur or vara’ Hr

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svôru ‘of the troll-woman’

Svára (noun f.): [troll-woman]

kennings

jór svôru
‘the horse of the troll-woman ’
   = WOLF

the horse of the troll-woman → WOLF
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fló ‘flew’

fljúga (verb): fly

[8] fló: so H, flaug Kˣ, 39, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, sló Hr

notes

[8] fló ‘flew’: So H. Flaug ‘flew’ (so , 39, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ) is a later form (see ANG §§98.2, 486 Anm.).

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hanga ‘the hanged ones’

hangi (noun m.; °-a): hanged one

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Magnús punished people in Trøndelag who had been part of the conspiracy against him (in 1094; see st. 2 and Notes).

In J2ˣ and 42ˣ this st. precedes st. 2 above.

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