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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 43I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 43’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 996.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
424344

hringa ‘of rings’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

kennings

Hyggjugegn hreytir hringa
‘The thought-steady scatterer of rings ’
   = GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr

The thought-steady scatterer of rings → GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr
Close

hreytir ‘scatterer’

hreytir (noun m.): flinger

kennings

Hyggjugegn hreytir hringa
‘The thought-steady scatterer of rings ’
   = GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr

The thought-steady scatterer of rings → GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr
Close

hyggju ‘The thought’

1. hyggja (noun f.; °-u; -ur): thought, mind < hyggjugegn (adj.)

kennings

Hyggjugegn hreytir hringa
‘The thought-steady scatterer of rings ’
   = GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr

The thought-steady scatterer of rings → GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr
Close

gegn ‘steady’

1. gegn (adj.; °compar. -ri, superl. -astr/-str): reliable < hyggjugegn (adj.)

kennings

Hyggjugegn hreytir hringa
‘The thought-steady scatterer of rings ’
   = GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr

The thought-steady scatterer of rings → GENEROUS MAN = Eiríkr
Close

él ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm < élsvellandi (noun m.)

kennings

‘Yggjar élsvellandi,
‘storm-sweller of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the storm of Yggr, → BATTLE
‘Sweller of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

él ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm < élsvellandi (noun m.)

kennings

‘Yggjar élsvellandi,
‘storm-sweller of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the storm of Yggr, → BATTLE
‘Sweller of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

svellandi ‘Sweller’

svellandi (noun m.): [Sweller] < élsvellandi (noun m.)

kennings

‘Yggjar élsvellandi,
‘storm-sweller of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the storm of Yggr, → BATTLE
‘Sweller of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

Yggjar ‘of Yggr’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

‘Yggjar élsvellandi,
‘storm-sweller of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the storm of Yggr, → BATTLE
‘Sweller of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

Yggjar ‘of Yggr’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

‘Yggjar élsvellandi,
‘storm-sweller of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the storm of Yggr, → BATTLE
‘Sweller of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

[4] of: af 54, at Bb

Close

nema ‘unless’

2. nema (conj.): unless

[5] nema efnak (‘nema ek efna’): so 54, Bb, nema efna 61, 53

Close

efnak ‘I fulfil’

2. efna (verb; °-fnd-): fulfil

[5] nema efnak (‘nema ek efna’): so 54, Bb, nema efna 61, 53

Close

ungr ‘the young’

ungr (adj.): young

kennings

ungr Ullr egghríðar
‘the young Ullr of the blade-storm ’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the blade-storm → BATTLE
the young Ullr of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn

notes

[6] ungr ‘young’: Following Skj B and Ólafur Halldórsson (2000), the adj. is taken here as qualifying the warrior-kenning with the base-word Ullr which is the subject of the intercalary clause. A simpler word order is produced if it is taken with þat er nam strengja, hence ‘that I swore when young’ in Vagn’s response to Eiríkr (so Fms 12; also Kock in NN §3141 and Skald).

Close

er ‘’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[6] þat er: þat 53

Close

heit ‘the vow’

heit (noun n.; °; -): promise

notes

[6] heit ‘the vow’: This is the vow that Vagn swore at the feast back in Denmark, concerning the Norwegian Þorkell leira’s daughter, Ingibjǫrg; see st. 14/5, 6, 8 and Note to st. 14/5.

Close

nam ‘I’

1. nema (verb): to take

notes

[6] nam strengja ‘I made’: Another pleonastic use of nam (cf. Note to st. 37/1). Nam, though lacking enclitic -k here, is 1st pers. sg.

Close

strengja ‘made’

strengja (verb): [test, made]

notes

[6] nam strengja ‘I made’: Another pleonastic use of nam (cf. Note to st. 37/1). Nam, though lacking enclitic -k here, is 1st pers. sg.

Close

svá ‘thus’

svá (adv.): so, thus

[7] svá: ‘[...]va’ 54

Close

Ullr ‘Ullr’

Ullr (noun m.): Ullr

kennings

ungr Ullr egghríðar
‘the young Ullr of the blade-storm ’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the blade-storm → BATTLE
the young Ullr of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

at ‘to’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[7] at: af Bb

Close

egg ‘of the blade’

1. egg (noun f.; °-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)): edge, blade < egghríð (noun f.): edge-storm

[8] egg‑: elg‑ Bb

kennings

ungr Ullr egghríðar
‘the young Ullr of the blade-storm ’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the blade-storm → BATTLE
the young Ullr of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

egg ‘of the blade’

1. egg (noun f.; °-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)): edge, blade < egghríð (noun f.): edge-storm

[8] egg‑: elg‑ Bb

kennings

ungr Ullr egghríðar
‘the young Ullr of the blade-storm ’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the blade-storm → BATTLE
the young Ullr of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

hríðar ‘storm’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm < egghríð (noun f.): edge-storm

[8] ‑hríðar: so all others, ‑hrið 61

kennings

ungr Ullr egghríðar
‘the young Ullr of the blade-storm ’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the blade-storm → BATTLE
the young Ullr of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

hríðar ‘storm’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm < egghríð (noun f.): edge-storm

[8] ‑hríðar: so all others, ‑hrið 61

kennings

ungr Ullr egghríðar
‘the young Ullr of the blade-storm ’
   = WARRIOR = Vagn

the blade-storm → BATTLE
the young Ullr of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Vagn
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Eiríkr asks Vagn if he will accept a truce; Vagn replies that he will if he can fulfil his oath (see Note to l. 6 heit below).

On the text of sts 41-5, see Note to st. 41 [All]. The novelty in this stanza is the use of direct speech, which is rare in early skaldic poetry (see Fidjestøl 1993c) and not found elsewhere in Jóms, though it is common in later poetry, for instance much of the Christian poetry in SkP VII.

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