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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 39I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 39’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 993.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
383940

stóðu ‘remained standing’

standa (verb): stand

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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eptir ‘afterwards’

eptir (prep.): after, behind

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ungra ‘young’

ungr (adj.): young

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snyrti ‘fine’

snyrti- ((prefix)): [fine, Splendid] < snyrtidrengr (noun m.)

notes

[2] snyrtidrengja (gen. pl.) ‘fine ... warriors’: Cf. snyrtimenn ‘fine men’ in st. 16/1, and Note, and on drengr, see Note to st. 3/1.

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drengja ‘warriors’

drengr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja): man, warrior < snyrtidrengr (noun m.)

notes

[2] snyrtidrengja (gen. pl.) ‘fine ... warriors’: Cf. snyrtimenn ‘fine men’ in st. 16/1, and Note, and on drengr, see Note to st. 3/1.

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einir ‘alone’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

[4] einir: ‘[…]’ R, einar 65ˣ, ‘ein(er)’(?) RCP, ‘(einir)’(?) RFJ

notes

[4] einir ‘alone’: The word is unclear in the ms. but einir fits metre and sense and is printed, albeit with hesitation, in Jvs 1879 (RCP in Readings) and Skj A (RFJ).

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Alls ‘at all’

allr (adj.): all

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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enga ‘Not’

2. engi (pron.): no, none

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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frák ‘have I heard’

1. fregna (verb): hear of

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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aðra ‘of another’

1. annarr (pron.; °f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir): (an)other, second

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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jafn ‘such’

jafn (adj.; °comp. -ari, superl. -astr): even, just < jafnmargr (adj.): equal size

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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marga ‘number’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many < jafnmargr (adj.): equal size

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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dyn ‘the roar’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din

kennings

dyn darra
‘the roar of spears ’
   = BATTLE

the roar of spears → BATTLE
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darra ‘of spears’

darr (noun n.; °; *-um): spear

kennings

dyn darra
‘the roar of spears ’
   = BATTLE

the roar of spears → BATTLE
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dreng ‘fighting’

drengr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja): man, warrior < drengmaðr (noun m.): good man

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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menn ‘men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person < drengmaðr (noun m.): good man

notes

[5-6, 8] frák alls enga aðra jafnmarga ... drengmenn ‘not at all have I heard of another such number of ... fighting-men’: Lit. ‘I have heard of no other equally many fighting men at all’. The stanza emphasises both how few warriors remained to fight (einir ‘alone, only’, l. 4) and how many the brave ones were (jafnmarga ‘equally many’, l. 6). In Skj B, Finnur Jónsson responds to the seeming contradiction by translating ligeså mange (= få) helte ‘equally many (= few) heroes’. On dreng-, see again Note to st. 3/1.

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stranga ‘of strong’

strangr (adj.): strong

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