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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 37I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 37’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 991.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
363738

Nam ‘stepped’

1. nema (verb): to take

notes

[1, 2] nam at stíga ‘stepped’: Nam, lit. ‘took, started’, is a pleonastic auxiliary here.

Close

eld ‘of the flame’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire < eldbroti (noun m.)

kennings

Ýgr Yggjar eldbroti
‘flame-breaker of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Búi

the flame of Yggr → SWORD
The fierce breaker of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Búi
Close

eld ‘of the flame’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire < eldbroti (noun m.)

kennings

Ýgr Yggjar eldbroti
‘flame-breaker of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Búi

the flame of Yggr → SWORD
The fierce breaker of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Búi
Close

broti ‘breaker’

broti (noun m.; °-a; -ar): breaker < eldbroti (noun m.)

kennings

Ýgr Yggjar eldbroti
‘flame-breaker of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Búi

the flame of Yggr → SWORD
The fierce breaker of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Búi
Close

Yggjar ‘of Yggr’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

Ýgr Yggjar eldbroti
‘flame-breaker of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Búi

the flame of Yggr → SWORD
The fierce breaker of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Búi
Close

Yggjar ‘of Yggr’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

Ýgr Yggjar eldbroti
‘flame-breaker of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Búi

the flame of Yggr → SWORD
The fierce breaker of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Búi
Close

ýgr ‘The fierce’

2. ýgr (adj.): fierce

kennings

Ýgr Yggjar eldbroti
‘flame-breaker of Yggr’
   = WARRIOR = Búi

the flame of Yggr → SWORD
The fierce breaker of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Búi
Close

at ‘’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[1, 2] nam at stíga ‘stepped’: Nam, lit. ‘took, started’, is a pleonastic auxiliary here.

Close

stíga ‘’

stíga (verb): step

notes

[1, 2] nam at stíga ‘stepped’: Nam, lit. ‘took, started’, is a pleonastic auxiliary here.

Close

húfum ‘the hull’

húfr (noun m.; °dat. -i): hull

notes

[3] húfum ‘the hull’: Lit. ‘hulls’. The pl. is unusual, since húfr ‘hull’ is normally sg. unless more than one ship is referred to. The sense ‘strake’ is possible in ON and certain in later Icel., however (Jesch 2001a, 143-4), and húfum here may refer collectively to the strakes or planking comprising the hull.

Close

Goll ‘Gull’

gull (noun n.): gold < gullbúi (noun m.)

notes

[4] Goll-Búi ‘Gull-Búi (“Gold-Búi”)’: See Note to st. 26/2.

Close

Búi ‘Búi’

3. Búi (noun m.): Búi < gullbúi (noun m.)

[4] Búi kistur: ‘b[...]’ R, ‘bvi kist(vr)’(?) RCP, ‑Búi kistur RFJ

notes

[4] Goll-Búi ‘Gull-Búi (“Gold-Búi”)’: See Note to st. 26/2.

Close

kistur ‘chests’

kista (noun f.; °-u; -ur): coffin, chest

[4] Búi kistur: ‘b[...]’ R, ‘bvi kist(vr)’(?) RCP, ‑Búi kistur RFJ

Close

optliga ‘often’

oftliga (adv.): [often]

Close

óblauðir ‘dauntless’

óblauðr (adj.): [dauntless]

Close

þar ‘to see’

þar (adv.): there

Close

langan ‘a long’

langr (adj.; °compar. lengri, superl. lengstr): long

notes

[8] langan orm á hringum ‘a long serpent on the rings’: This draws on the tradition that gold-hoards are protected by dragons or serpents, and perhaps specifically on the legend of the Rhine-gold, guarded by Fáfnir; see Guðrún Nordal (2001, 331-2). It is conceivable that the dragon is to be understood as a man – Búi – who has turned himself into a dragon in order to guard the hoard, as Fáfnir did (e.g. SnE 1998, I, 46).

Close

orm ‘serpent’

ormr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): serpent

notes

[8] langan orm á hringum ‘a long serpent on the rings’: This draws on the tradition that gold-hoards are protected by dragons or serpents, and perhaps specifically on the legend of the Rhine-gold, guarded by Fáfnir; see Guðrún Nordal (2001, 331-2). It is conceivable that the dragon is to be understood as a man – Búi – who has turned himself into a dragon in order to guard the hoard, as Fáfnir did (e.g. SnE 1998, I, 46).

Close

á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[8] langan orm á hringum ‘a long serpent on the rings’: This draws on the tradition that gold-hoards are protected by dragons or serpents, and perhaps specifically on the legend of the Rhine-gold, guarded by Fáfnir; see Guðrún Nordal (2001, 331-2). It is conceivable that the dragon is to be understood as a man – Búi – who has turned himself into a dragon in order to guard the hoard, as Fáfnir did (e.g. SnE 1998, I, 46).

Close

hringum ‘the rings’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

notes

[8] langan orm á hringum ‘a long serpent on the rings’: This draws on the tradition that gold-hoards are protected by dragons or serpents, and perhaps specifically on the legend of the Rhine-gold, guarded by Fáfnir; see Guðrún Nordal (2001, 331-2). It is conceivable that the dragon is to be understood as a man – Búi – who has turned himself into a dragon in order to guard the hoard, as Fáfnir did (e.g. SnE 1998, I, 46).

Close

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