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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 18I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 18’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 974.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
171819

á ‘against’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[1] á: at all others

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sunnan ‘from the south’

sunnan (adv.): (from the) south

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kómu ‘came’

koma (verb; kem, kom/kvam, kominn): come

[2] kómu: kœmi 61

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geir ‘the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirhríð (noun f.)

kennings

geirhríðar
‘the spear-storm ’
   = BATTLE

the spear-storm → BATTLE
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hríðar ‘storm’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm < geirhríð (noun f.)

kennings

geirhríðar
‘the spear-storm ’
   = BATTLE

the spear-storm → BATTLE
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greppum ‘men’

greppr (noun m.; °; -ar): poet, man

[3] greppum: greipum 61

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gǫrla ‘forcefully’

gǫrla (adv.): quite, fully

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Nóregs ‘of Norway’

Noregr (noun m.): Norway

notes

[4] jarlar Nóregs ‘the jarls of Norway’: Hákon jarl and his son, Eiríkr Hákonarson. According to Jvs (1879, 69) Hákon’s sons Sveinn, Sigurðr and Erlingr also commanded ships at Hjǫrungavágr.

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jarlar ‘jarls’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl

notes

[4] jarlar Nóregs ‘the jarls of Norway’: Hákon jarl and his son, Eiríkr Hákonarson. According to Jvs (1879, 69) Hákon’s sons Sveinn, Sigurðr and Erlingr also commanded ships at Hjǫrungavágr.

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Þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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var ‘was’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5] var: varð all others

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méli ‘time’

1. mél (noun n.): [time]

[5] méli: so 61, Bb, mæli R, 53, 54

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morð ‘battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðremmandi (noun m.)

kennings

margr morðremmandi
‘many a battle-strengthener ’
   = WARRIOR

many a battle-strengthener → WARRIOR
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remmandi ‘strengthener’

remmandi (noun m.): [strengthener] < morðremmandi (noun m.)

[6] ‑remmandi: ‑rennandi Bb

kennings

margr morðremmandi
‘many a battle-strengthener ’
   = WARRIOR

many a battle-strengthener → WARRIOR
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skǫmmu ‘a short’

skammr (adj.): short

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margr ‘many a’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

kennings

margr morðremmandi
‘many a battle-strengthener ’
   = WARRIOR

many a battle-strengthener → WARRIOR
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Laufa ‘of Laufi’

Laufi (noun m.; °-a): Laufi

kennings

leiki Laufa.
‘the play of Laufi. ’
   = BATTLE

the play of Laufi. → BATTLE

notes

[7] Laufa ‘of Laufi <legendary sword>’: The name of the legendary Danish hero Bǫðvarr bjarki’s sword. The name is etymologically related to lauf n. ‘leaf, foliage’: see further Note to Þul Sverða 2/2III.

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leiki ‘the play’

1. leikr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar): sport, play

kennings

leiki Laufa.
‘the play of Laufi. ’
   = BATTLE

the play of Laufi. → BATTLE
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saman ‘together’

saman (adv.): together

[8] saman: so all others, om. R

notes

[8] fundinn saman ‘brought together’: Lit. ‘found together’. This makes most immediate sense, but the variant reading in the three other mss, bundinn (p. p. of binda ‘bind’), would also make sense if taken metaphorically. In CVC: binda II the verb is glossed ‘to make, contract a league, friendship, affinity’ etc., and cf. m. v. bindask ‘to engage oneself, enter a league’.

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fundinn ‘brought’

2. finna (verb): find, meet

[8] fundinn: bundinn 53, 54, Bb

notes

[8] fundinn saman ‘brought together’: Lit. ‘found together’. This makes most immediate sense, but the variant reading in the three other mss, bundinn (p. p. of binda ‘bind’), would also make sense if taken metaphorically. In CVC: binda II the verb is glossed ‘to make, contract a league, friendship, affinity’ etc., and cf. m. v. bindask ‘to engage oneself, enter a league’.

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Acting on partially false intelligence that Hákon jarl is in Hǫrundarfjǫrðr (Hjørundfjorden), and is unaware of them and accompanied by small forces, Búi and his companions prepare to go there. Meanwhile, Hákon and his son Eiríkr have assembled a force of 180 ships in Hallkelsvík (Hallkjellsvik). They learn that the ships of the Jómsvíkingar are lying off the island of Hǫð (Hareid), and head north in search of them.

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